Britain: Kenyan Independence - How Britain Dealt With The Issue

In GCSE History students will learn about the British Empire. One aspect that they will study is how Britain dealt with the issue of Kenyan independence.

After the Second World War Britain encouraged its people to move to its Kenyan colony, but African nationalist pressure in the 1950's and 1960's had to be dealt with. When Kenya set out on the road to independence the future of the whites there seemed less secure.

Play this quiz and learn more about how Britain dealt with the issue of Kenyan independence.

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  1. 30,000 white settlers were concentrated in an upland area north west of Kenya's capital, Nairobi. What name was given to this area of fertile farmland?
    Large and successful farms were set up: some arable and some dedicated to raising cattle. Unfortunately for the security of white settlers many local African tribespeople regarded this land as theirs
  2. Which tribe felt particularly strongly that they had a right to white settler land in this region?
    The land issue became a serious bone of contention by the 1950's
  3. Which African figure was regarded by the British as the chief culprit in stirring up unrest over the land question?
    The authorities were anxious to arrest a principal figure in the hope that unrest would then die down
  4. What name was given to the African movement which gripped the white-settled area of the colony between 1952 and 1956?
    The emergency lasted for four years, and many thousands of African suspects were arrested. Some were tortured, even mutilated
  5. Some whites favoured compromise with African nationalist demands. One such group was led by Sir Michael Blundell. What was his party's name?
    Most white settlers opposed concessions to the African majority, but Blundell believed that compromise was possible
  6. A powerful African party emerged in Kenya after the constitutional conference in London in 1960. This party eventually took power in Kenya on the eve of independence. What was it called?
    After 1960 Kenyan independence under African rule seemed inevitable
  7. There was however an opposition group - an alternative African nationalist party, deriving its support from a different combination of tribal groups. What was it called?
    After independence this party was soon sidelined
  8. Which Kenyan trade union leader, and author of "Facing Mount Kenya", was assassinated in 1969?
    Kenyan politics was robust - reinforced by strong tribal divisions
  9. When did Kenya receive its independence as a member of the Commonwealth?
    Initially Kenya remained a monarchy with the British monarch as Head of State
  10. Eventually Kenya became a republic, recognising the Queen only as Head of the Commonwealth, of which Kenya continued to be a member. In which year did this happen?
    Kenya remained a close ally of Britain's

Author: Edward Towne

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