Britain: Warfare Between AD 50 and AD 1350

When studying GCSE History students will be taught about warfare in Britain during the past. One timespan they will cover is from the Roman invasion to the late medieval era.

Britain has witnessed much warfare throughout its history, whether in modern times or in the times of the Roman Empire. The Romans in Britain were challenged by Boudica's revolt. Following the Roman withdrawal from Britain 400 years later the Anglo-Saxons invaded, who in turn were defeated by the Normans. Subsequent English medieval kings like, Edward I and Edward III, expanded into Wales and France, but permanent success against the Scots eluded them.

See how much you know about warfare in Roman and Medieval Britain by playing this quiz.

  1. In the Saxon army what name was given to professional soldiers, paid by the king and other landowners and recruited while young?
    The Saxons did not use cavalry, but deployed two categories of foot soldiers
  2. Which of the following was not killed at Hastings?
    This was a long and closely fought battle with numerous casualties - as depicted in the Bayeux Tapestry
  3. Who commanded the Scottish forces at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314?
    Edward II sent a formidable army northwards in 1314, partly to relieve his beleaguered garrison in Stirling Castle
  4. What word is used to describe the circular configuration of Edward I's new castles in Wales?
    Edward subdued North Wales in the 1280's, and built many castles there in a relatively new style to secure his recent conquests
  5. What was the name of the coat of chainmail worn by Saxon troops?
    Saxon soldiers were well protected also by pointed helmets and wooden shields
  6. What was the name of Edward III's son, who fought at the Battle of Crecy In 1346?
    War erupted in 1337 between England and France. Edward III decided to assert his claim to French land and titles by invading France in 1346
  7. Which division of the Roman army contained between 4,000 and 6,000 soldiers?
    The Roman army was carefully structured into various sizes of infantry formations
  8. What name is given to the war of which the Battle of Crecy is a part?
    Crecy was the best known land battle of this war, occurring just after the naval engagement at Sluys in 1340. But the campaign dragged on
  9. Which tribe formed the main part of Boudica's forces?
    Britain's native inhabitants were far from united, being divided into numerous tribal areas
  10. Who led the English forces at Hastings in 1066?
    Having won the battle of Stamford Bridge in Yorkshire, the English marched south to Hastings to face Duke William's invading army in October 1066

Author: Edward Towne

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