China: Under Mao - 1930-1965 - How Far Communist Rule Had Changed China By 1965

In GCSE History students will be taught about China under Mao. One area they will look at is how much Communist rule had changed China by 1965.

In 1949 the Communist Party seized power in China and Mao's rule had begun. Non-communists expected the Nationalists to defeat them, while Communists elsewhere doubted whether a Communist revolution could ever succeed in a largely agrarian society. By 1965 China had changed a great deal.

Find out just how much Mao's rule had changed his country by 1965 in this informative quiz.

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  1. The country was called the PRC after 1949. What do these letters stand for?
    After 1949 China changed rapidly in every respect: political, economic, social and cultural
  2. A large number of vicious killings took place in China in the aftermath of the revolution - according to most estimates at least 1 million, and possibly as many as 3 million. This was a settling of old scores. Which social group suffered in this wave of killing?
    It helped the new government to get rid of these people, who were not among their supporters
  3. One of the regime's chief supporters was the PLA. What do these letters stand for?
    These forces were active in enforcing the government's will at home and in acting as an arm of its foreign policy
  4. In 1957 Mao launched a campaign to encourage party members to air their grievances. What was this campaign called?
    Mao had not expected so much criticism, and he soon moved to bring it to a halt
  5. Later in 1957 Mao decided to clamp down on those intellectuals who had taken the opportunity to criticise the party. What name was given to this campaign?
    Not for the last time, Mao decided to alter course when things seemed to be getting out of hand
  6. In the course of the "Great Leap Forward" (1958-1962) the existing collective farms were greatly expanded in size. What name was given to these huge new units?
    Each of these would house and employ roughly 70,000 people
  7. The peasants on these enormous farms were encouraged to make which product in backyard furnaces?
    Mao was anxious to overtake both the UK and the USA, in industrial production, within a few years
  8. In 1960 a friendly nation withdrew advisors and loans from China. Both had helped greatly in China's economic progress. Which state did this?
    Shortly after this development poor weather, natural disasters and bad planning caused a catastrophe in the Chinese countryside: namely, famine
  9. A new marriage law in 1950 discouraged which kind of marital practice?
    The new law was successful in reducing such unsatisfactory unions, and also in curbing the payment of dowries and the practice of concubinage
  10. The 1950 Education Act established a national system of primary education in China. What proportion of eligible children were attending such schools by 1956?
    Much progress had been made in 6 years, but the task was by no means complete

Author: Edward Towne

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