Cold War: 1963-1969 - The Invasion Of Czechoslovakia

In GCSE History students will look at the Cold War, which lasted from the end of World War II until the fall of the Soviet Union. One aspect of the Cold War they will cover will be the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968.

In 1968 the Soviet Union led a Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia, in order to bring to an end the reforms introduced by the new government. They feared that the virus of reform could spread to other communist countries, and that Czechoslovakia could leave the Warsaw Pact and join NATO instead. The invasion guaranteed that that would not happen.

Discover more about the Cold War in Central Europe in this quiz.

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  1. Which of the Warsaw Pact invaders of 1968 did not share a border with Czechoslovakia?
    Most Warsaw Pact countries did have common borders with Czechoslovakia, which made them even keener to avoid contamination with liberal policies
  2. Who was the President of Czechoslovakia during 1968?
    The Czechoslovak head of state was the President, more of a figurehead than the Party Secretary
  3. Who was the Czechoslovak Party Secretary whose name is associated with the reforms introduced there in early 1968?
    A new leadership contrasted starkly with its Stalinist predecessors which had repressed the Czechoslovak people since 1948
  4. Which hard line Communist leader was replaced as Secretary of the Czechoslovak Communist Party a few months before the Warsaw Pact invasion?
    Czechoslovakia seemed to be going the way of Hungary in 1956: liberal reforms in a heady atmosphere of liberation and the ousting of previous, more repressive leaders
  5. From which part of Czechoslovakia did the new leader come?
    Czechoslovakia was divided between the industrialised and advanced west, and the more backward and agricultural east
  6. Which Warsaw Pact state refused to join in the invasion of Czechoslovakia in August 1968?
    One member state of the Warsaw Pact believed that all members should be freer to pursue their own policies
  7. Who was the Soviet choice of Czechoslovak Party Secretary after the invasion?
    Henceforward the Soviet Union used a compliant, "puppet" President to ensure that there would be no return to the liberal policies of 1968
  8. What name is usually given to the series of reforms passed by the new Party leadership in Czechoslovakia in nearly 1968, in an atmosphere of optimism - especially among young people?
    The new reforms, particularly relaxation of censorship, permission to travel abroad and the right to create political parties other than the Communists, alarmed the USSR and its other allies
  9. Which Soviet leader was forced to resign as Communist Party Secretary in 1964, and replaced by Brezhnev, Kosygin and the ideologist Suslov?
    Khrushchev had made mistakes: the so-called "Virgin Lands" scheme in Central Asia and the failure to defeat the United States in the Cuba Crisis of 1962, among them
  10. What name was given to the Soviet view that Communist states should enjoy only limited sovereignty, as even their internal policies could affect their neighbours?
    The Soviet Union and most of its allies believed that members of the Soviet bloc should expect to have their policies, domestic and foreign, criticised and amended by their neighbours

Author: Edward Towne

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