Germany: 1918-1939 - The Fall Of Weimar, 1929-1933

In GCSE History students will look at Germany between the two World Wars. One aspect studied is the end of the Weimar Republic and the rise to power of Adolf Hitler.

In 1929 the Wall Street Crash led to massive unemployment in Germany, which the moderate political parties of the Weimar Republic could not bring to an end. Both the Nazis and the Communists found their support increasing with each general election. Finally a deal was hatched in 1933, putting Adolf Hitler into power and bringing an end to the Weimar Republic.

Discover how Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany in this informative quiz.

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  1. Which Nazi minister presided over the first burning of books in Berlin during 1933?
    The Nazis would not tolerate any publications that challenged the mind set of the Third Reich. So works by distinguished German authors, like Heinrich Heine and Thomas Mann, were regularly burned
  2. Which political party greatly increased its share of the vote in September 1930 to almost 19%, making it the second largest party in the Reichstag?
    By 1930 all political parties had to provide policies to cope with the Great Depression. Parties that had not recently been in government found this task easier
  3. What proportion of the votes cast did the Nazis win in the March 1933 General Election?
    By March 1933 the Nazi Party controlled most of the media and the forces of law and order. They were keen to hold a further election to gain a majority of seats in the Reichstag, so that they could then dissolve it
  4. In March 1933 Hitler forced through the Reichstag a bill that would enable him to rule by decree, thus removing from the Reichstag the power to control government decisions. What was the name of the resultant act?
    Once this bill was passed, thus becoming an act, Hitler could rule without any parliamentary restraint. He did, however, from time to time call meetings of the Reichstag to make set speeches on important occasions
  5. Who won the 1932 presidential election?
    The Presidency played an important role under the Weimar Constitution. Especially during a crisis, for the President appointed the Chancellor, whom he could allow to rule by decree in the event of a stalled Reichstag
  6. Who was the Weimar Republic's foreign minister who died on the 3rd of October 1929?
    This death removed one of the few moderate Weimar politicians of any stature who was widely respected abroad
  7. Which of these organisations was a paramilitary outfit whose role was to protect Communist Party meetings, and to break up those of their opponents?
    Every party had to be able to defend its activities during the Weimar Republic. The government was weak and the forces of law and order often sympathetic to one side or another
  8. In February 1933 the Reichstag building burnt down. On which group did Hitler pin the blame?
    The real perpetrators of this crime have never been exposed, however the Nazis were able to discredit their political opponents by blaming them
  9. In 1931 a major European bank, the Kreditanstalt, failed. In which state was it situated?
    The bank failure ruined many small account holders and sharply reduced sources of credit for those who were struggling to run businesses during the Depression
  10. In 1933 the first of these institutions was set up to deal with Hitler's political opponents. Its name was Dachau. Which title best fits their nature and purpose?
    Over the years the Nazis established a network of these establishments throughout Germany, Austria and the occupied territories

Author: Edward Towne

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