Germany: 1933-1945 - Nazi Control Of Germany Established, 1933-1935

In GCSE History students will look at Germany between the two World Wars. One area focussed on is how the Nazis came to establish totalitarian control over Germany.

The Nazis moved rapidly to establish totalitarian control over Germany following Hitler's appointment as Chancellor in January 1933. This meant that, before long, the Nazis began to exercise control over every aspect of German life.

How did the Nazis come to establish totalitarian control of Germany? Find out in this quiz.

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  1. Hitler split the German Protestant Church: half of it became a state church, and half of it an independent body ("bekennende Kirche"). What name is usually given in English to this breakaway entity, which was led by Pastor Martin Niemoller?
    Half of Germans were Protestants, concentrated mainly in the north and east. Unlike the Catholics they were not influenced by any outside body
  2. After 1933 the Nazis built up strong party youth movements. What name was given to the main boys' organisation?
    A youth movement was important to the Nazis in order to carry the Nazi ideal on to the next generation
  3. At a major Nazi rally in 1935 Hitler announced re-armament. Where did this event take place?
    A major Nazi rally took place annually in September, when Hitler would announce his policy proposals for the forthcoming year
  4. In 1935 the Nazis introduced racial laws, one of which forbade marriage or sexual relations between Jews and non-Jews. Where were these new laws first announced?
    The Nazis had long campaigned against the Jews, of whom there were roughly half a million in Germany
  5. Which composer's work was showcased every year at the Bayreuth Festival, which Hitler attended annually?
    Hitler appreciated classical music, provided that the composer was not Jewish, and ideally could be identified as - in fact - anti-Semitic
  6. What name was given to the 1933 agreement between Hitler and the Vatican, which outlined the role of the Roman Catholic Church under a Nazi state?
    Nearly half of all Germans claimed to be Catholics - especially along the Rhine, and in Bavaria in the south. Hitler wanted to eliminate possible opposition from the Catholic Church, and Rome wanted to protect its members from possible persecution
  7. The Nazis constructed a network of super-highways across Germany: partly to absorb unemployment, and partly to give German armoured columns rapid access to the frontiers in the event of war. What name was given to such roads?
    Some of the original surfaces still exist on sections of these roads. They consisted of concrete blocks joined together
  8. Which famous female film maker produced a notorious film in 1935 called "Triumph of the Will"?
    For many years this film was hard to obtain, as it was regarded as too pro-Nazi
  9. In August 1934 President Hindenburg died. How did Hitler deal thereafter with the office of President?
    The Weimar Constitution provided for an elected President, while monarchists hoped that the family of the Kaiser could provide a head of state. Hitler's colleagues hoped for some reward
  10. In June 1934 Hitler used his SS bodyguard to liquidate the leadership of the SA in the "Night of the Long Knives". Who was the leader of the SA who perished in this massacre?
    By 1934 the bloated SA had become a monster out of control, and was no longer required to terrorize anti-Nazi opposition. There was pressure from both the SS and the army to eliminate the SA hierarchy, who took the "socialist" side of the NSDAP rather too seriously

Author: Edward Towne

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