Medicine: Medical Renaissance In The Early Modern Period

In GCSE History students will examine the world of medicine and the advancements that have been made over time. The Renaissance, the early part of the modern era, is one period that will be looked at.

The Renaissance saw a revival of interest in the thought of the ancient world on medicine. Renaissance figures, like Vesalius and Pare, took the example of Galen, who stressed the role of dissection, as part of the importance of observation and experimentation. These were indeed the early days of the modern, scientific era.

Learn more about medicine in the early part of the modern era in this informative quiz.

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  1. Which medical researcher from the Low Countries studied at the University of Padua, and then became physician to the Emperor Charles V?
    He was also keen on dissection, and left his carefully assembled skeleton to the University of Basel
  2. Scrofula, a skin disease that was believed to be curable by contact with an anointed monarch, could be treated with more orthodox remedies if the "Royal Touch" failed. What was the usual alternative treatment?
    This was a serious dermatological condition, for which traditional treatments continued to be used
  3. Harvey became physician to two English kings. The list of monarchs below features one of them. Which one?
    Royal patronage was, for a surgeon or physician, truly a feather in his cap
  4. To which group of medical practitioners did Pare belong?
    Pare was able to spread his discoveries through his membership of this community
  5. William Harvey, famous for his discovery of the circulation of the blood, was associated with a major London teaching hospital when he had finished his university studies. Which hospital was this?
    Here Harvey conducted further research at the centre of government and patronage
  6. Which Ancient Greek figure, famous for the oath taken by all qualifying doctors, was studied and admired during the Renaissance?
    In the oath, aspiring medics pledge that they will do everything possible to save life
  7. Edward Jenner, from Gloucestershire, noticed that girls working in a particular profession did not catch smallpox. Which group was this?
    Jenner was intrigued by their immunity to infection, and eventually he found out what caused it
  8. Quacks were a familiar feature of the Early Modern period. What alternative word was used to describe those who peddled doubtful medicines and treatment?
    These characters were unlikely to have gone to university
  9. It was very difficult for women to break into medicine, especially as universities were barred to them. What one role from this list of four could women undertake?
    Many women working in medicine were nuns, devoted to healing the sick
  10. What form of treatment for war wounds had Pare pioneered?
    Pare specialised in military medicine, particularly during the Italian Wars

Author: Edward Towne

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