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Medicine: The Nineteenth Century

GCSE History covers the subject of the world of medicine, and the advancements that have been made in it over time. One period that will be looked at closely is that of the 19th Century.

The 19th Century saw significant advancements in the world of medicine. This was the era of Lister, Simpson, Koch, Pasteur, Florence Nightingale and Mary Seacole. Improvements included anaesthesia, bacteriology, the development of vaccines and the effective institution of the nursing profession.

Discover some of the advancements in medicine made during the 19th Century in this interesting quiz.

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  1. The Jamaican-born nurse, Mary Seacole, founded a hospital near Sebastopol in the Crimea to tend the wounded. What name was given to this establishment?
    Little was known about her and her work until relatively recently. Before her emergence into the limelight she tended to be overshadowed by Florence Nightingale
  2. Between 1814 and 1886, in Britain and on the continent, Carpus, von Graefe, Mertauer, Dieffenbach, Roe, Weir, Israel and Monks worked on a kind of surgery which had to wait until the Twentieth Century to reach full fruition. What sort of surgery was that?
    These were pioneers, but they worked mainly in isolation from each other
  3. Where did Florence Nightingale set up her military hospital during the Crimean War?
    Most of the patients treated here were affected by disease rather than war wounds
  4. James Young Simpson was a pioneer in Edinburgh of anaesthetics. Which substance did he reveal as an extremely effective anaesthetic?
    The original experiment with this substance sent all of the observers to sleep, including Simpson himself!
  5. After a massive cholera epidemic in Hamburg in 1892, scientists were clearer about the way to prevent the disease. What were their main recommendations?
    1892 turned out to be the final fling of this fatal disease in Europe
  6. What name is given to a widespread outbreak of a contagious disease across continents - or even worldwide?
    Cholera would be a good example of this. Outbreaks often affected huge swathes of continents, or even the whole globe
  7. The German medical scientist, Robert Koch, called it "bacteriology". What name is usually given to his main discovery by 1881?
    Koch had worked on tuberculosis, cholera and anthrax before coming up with his general idea
  8. On return from nursing in the Crimean War, Florence Nightingale founded a nursing school at a well known London hospital. Which hospital was this?
    Florence Nightingale hoped that - in the event of another war - her new school would produce sufficient nurses to make a difference to the inevitable wounded
  9. Which substance did Joseph Lister propose as an antiseptic wound treatment in 1865?
    Lister was knighted for his work in surgery
  10. Pasteur opened his institute in 1888. For which of the following diseases did he develop a vaccine?
    Pasteur, of course, gives his name to the procedure of pasteurisation to guarantee the purity of milk

Author: Edward Towne

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