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Middle East: 1948-1999 - Origins Of The Arab-Israeli Conflict Up To 1948

One of the subjects that is covered in GCSE History is the Middle East during the period from 1948-1999. One aspect looked at is the origins of the Arab-Israeli conflict.

Unsurprisingly, the origins of the Arab-Israeli conflict go back a long way. However, after the Great War and the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in the Middle East, the problem intensified - to the point that the British (responsible for Palestine since the 1920s) evacuated Palestine as Israel's independence loomed. The consequences have plagued the Middle East ever since.

Learn more about how the Arab-Israeli conflict began in this informative quiz.

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  1. In 1946 Jewish terrorists bombed a prominent building in Jerusalem, killing many Jews, Arabs and British. What was the building's name?
    This atrocity shocked the world. Some in the British government wondered whether ruling Palestine was worth the candle
  2. In 1916 a secret agreement was signed between Britain and France after the defeat of the Turks. Britain was to receive Palestine. What was the deal called?
    Palestine already had a mixed Jewish-Arab population. Palestinian Arabs feared the arrival of more Jews
  3. Aware of British reluctance to bear the burden indefinitely, the United Nations came up with a plan for Palestine in 1948. What did this plan involve?
    All of these suggestions involved compromise
  4. In 1948 the fighting intensified, after the declaration of the state of Israel, and a massacre took place at Deir Yassin. What happened?
    Whatever happened exactly at Deir Yassin, the massacre remains a source of bitterness
  5. In 1921 a Jewish paramilitary force was set up in Palestine, which soon exceeded its rivals in terms of numbers of volunteers. What was its name?
    Palestinian Arabs responded by building up their own armed forces, giving the British supervisory power yet further headaches
  6. In the 1930s and 1940s the spiritual leader of Palestine's Muslim Arab population, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, regularly met one of the European dictators. Which one?
    Clearly some Palestinians were so frustrated by British policy in their homeland that they were prepared to seek help elsewhere
  7. In 1917 the British government issued a declaration that encouraged the setting up of a "Jewish homeland" in Palestine, and at the same time promised to respect Palestinian rights. What was the declaration called?
    This was to prove difficult to put into practice, as more Jews pressed to get into Palestine
  8. Under what terms did Britain accept responsibility for Palestine after the Great War?
    Britain would now have to reconcile Arab aspirations with Jewish ones. This would not be easy
  9. Which of the following Arab states was not involved in the 1948 First Arab-Israeli War?
    Despite this onslaught Israel prevailed - until the next time
  10. On the 14th of May 1948, the state of Israel was proclaimed. Which Israeli politician made the announcement?
    The new state was immediately attacked by several of its Arab neighbours

Author: Edward Towne

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