Northern Ireland: 1968-98 - Attempts At Agreement 1996-1998

One of the topics covered in GCSE History is the 'Troubles' in Northern Ireland between 1968-1998. One aspect in particular which is looked at is the various attempts that were made to bring about a peace agreement between all the parties concerned. This is the second of two quizzes looking at this subject.

The years between 1996 and 1998 saw serious attempts to reach a broad agreement among all the parties in Northern Ireland and bring peace to the province. These efforts were crowned by the signing of the Good Friday Agreement in the spring of 1998. Problems remain, but there has been a dramatic reduction in violence since.

Find out how much you know about the attempts to bring peace to Northern Ireland in this quiz.

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  1. Which moderate Unionist politician became First Minister in the Northern Ireland government from 1998?
    The first elections under the constitution set up in 1998 produced a coalition government, formed of moderate Protestant Unionists and moderate Catholic Nationalists
  2. The terms of the 1998 treaty were put to the two electorates (the Irish Republic and Northern Ireland) in separate referenda. What was the vote in favour in the North?
    It was important for the success of the Good Friday Agreement that it should be accepted in the North by a majority of Protestants and by a majority of Catholics. It was
  3. Which of the following four departments of government remained with London following the 1998 deal?
    Northern Ireland did not become a totally independent state - certain key powers were retained by Westminster
  4. Not all republican paramilitaries accepted the terms of 1998. In 1998 dissident republicans detonated a huge bomb which caused considerable loss of life. In which Northern Irish town did this device go off?
    The Peace Process survived this outrage, but rogue republicans still pose a threat to security
  5. Which long-serving Catholic politician in Northern Ireland shared the Nobel Peace Prize in 1998?
    A previous Nobel Peace Prize had been awarded in the 1970's to the two leaders of the "Peace People": one Catholic and one Protestant. This initiative had ultimately failed, but the 1998 winners seemed more likely to succeed
  6. Under the 1998 agreement the government of the Irish Republic agreed to recommend the abolition of Articles 2 and 3 in their constitution - subject to a referendum among the Republic's electorate. What did these articles state?
    If these two articles could be removed, Protestants in the North were more likely to vote in favour of the 1998 agreement in their own referendum
  7. Which Catholic US democrat senator for Massachusetts supported the US president during the 1990's in his efforts to bring the political wing of the IRA to the negotiating table?
    Pressure from a Roman Catholic senator, who represented a state with a large proportion of Irish-Americans, was most useful in persuading Republican paramilitaries to join the talks in 1998, and to sign up to the eventual agreement
  8. Which voting method was used in the elections to the Northern Ireland Assembly set up under the Good Friday Agreement?
    Those who framed the new constitution were keen to be fair, and - at the same time - to end up with an effective government
  9. Which Conservative Roman Catholic politician was asked to recommend changes to policing in Northern Ireland under the terms of the 1998 agreement?
    The title, "Royal Ulster Constabulary", for the Northern Ireland police force and its cap badge were disliked by the Catholic minority. Moreover, the overwhelming number of police officers were still Protestants
  10. Which Protestant organisation caused inter-communal tension to rise in 1996 by becoming involved in violence at Drumcree? They insisted on marching along the Garvaghy Road and so through a Roman Catholic housing estate. The police tried to keep the two groups apart, but violence ensued.
    The march followed a traditional route, and the marchers were loth to change it. Clearly the whole question of parades would need to be examined. During the so-called "Marching Season" during July and August both communities undertook time-honoured parades

Author: Edward Towne

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