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Russia: 1905-1914 - Tsarist Russia

In GCSE History one of the topics looked at is Russia in the first half of the 20th Century. This begins with a study of the last few years of Tsarist rule in Russia, prior to the revolution.

In 1905 Russia was defeated by Japan, and was also engulfed in an abortive revolutionary attempt by Lenin and others. Thereafter Russia seemed to prosper for a few years under Tsarist rule. But this did not last. In 1914 Russia felt obliged to go to the aid of Serbia under attack from Austria, and soon found herself at war with Austria's ally Germany.

Increase your knowledge of the last few years of Tsarist rule in this quiz.

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  1. Of which political group was Trotsky a member when he took part in the 1905 Revolution?
    A coalition of opposition parties briefly came together to oppose the Tsar's regime during 1905-6
  2. In July 1914 Russian troops were put on a war footing by the Tsar's government in an attempt to forestall an Austrian attack on Serbia, supported by Germany. What is this process called?
    The Tsar decided - on advice - to call up reservists and to move regular troops up to the front line
  3. What was the name of the Tsar's son (the Tsarevitch) who suffered from incurable haemophilia?
    He was the youngest in a family of five. His illness cast doubt on his ability to serve effectively as Tsar come the time when when his father would eventually die
  4. Which of Nicholas II's ministers followed a two-pronged approach of simultaneous repression and reform, until his assassination at the Kiev Opera House in 1912?
    As long as Russia was not at war and her economy thrived, the Romanov dynasty was quite likely to survive
  5. Where was the treaty signed that brought the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-5 to an end?
    The Tsar's government had no choice but to accept Japan's terms
  6. In 1892 Nicholas II's predecessor, Alexander III, entered into a formal military and diplomatic alliance with France, directed principally against Germany and Austria-Hungary. Under this agreement France supported Russia against these two central powers in 1914. What name was given to this Franco-Russian treaty?
    Russia feared both German and Austrian expansion. France seemed an obvious ally, determined to recover the lost provinces of Alsace-Lorraine, and ensuring that Germany would have to fight a two front war in the event of conflict involving either party
  7. Which warship of the Russian Black Sea fleet was seized by its mutinous crew during the 1905 Revolution in an incident later made famous by the Soviet-era film-maker Sergei Eisenstein?
    The incident was of little consequence at the time. It was the only imperial warship to be affected, and it could not leave the confines of the Black Sea. However, Lenin used the event for propaganda purposes after the Bolshevik success in 1917
  8. Which one of these was not a daughter of Nicholas and Alexandra?
    Alexandra gave birth to four daughters before she eventually had a son
  9. Which nominal province of the Ottoman Empire was formally annexed by Austria-Hungary in 1908, causing concern to the Russian government about Austrian expansion eastward, and thus unleashing a full-scale international crisis?
    The Turkish Empire, dubbed the "Sick Man of Europe", was in gradual decline as some parts of its European territory were seized by neighbouring states while others made independent bids for sovereignty
  10. In 1913 the Romanov dynasty celebrated a major anniversary as Tsars. How many years were they celebrating on the throne?
    This was a major milestone in the history of the Romanov family, and was celebrated accordingly

Author: Edward Towne

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