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Terrorism Since 1969:  The PLO, Al-Qaeda And The 'War On Terror'

In GCSE History, terrorism from 1969 up to the present day is one of the subjects studied. This is the second of two quizzes on the topic, focussing on the PLO, Al-Qaeda and the "War on Terror".

Terrorism has haunted the Middle East for a long time. The state of Israel has been challenged by militant Palestinians, who rejected its legitimacy, ever since its establishment in1948. The PLO was founded to advance the Palestinian cause. The Al-Quaeda organisation had much wider aims and provoked the "War on Terror" after the 9/11 attacks.

Test your knowledge of the PLO, Al-Qaeda and the "War on Terror" in this, the second of two quizzes on terrorism.

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  1. Which senior US general commanded allied troops in Afghanistan from 2010-2011, before being appointed to direct the Central Intelligence Agency?
    This commander had an excellent academic and military record, with a recent command in Iraq
  2. Who has been the PLO leader since Arafat's death in 2004?
    The PLO leadership faces numerous difficulties: rivalry from more militant groups like Hamas and Hezbollah, and opposition from strongly nationalist Israeli governments
  3. In which state was Osama Bin Laden born?
    Bin Laden came from a prosperous business family, but he became increasingly concerned by United States influence in the Middle East and by some Arab states' support of US policy
  4. Against which state was "Operation Enduring Freedom" directed in 2001?
    The US was anxious to root out and destroy Al-Quaeda terrorists anywhere in the world - but particularly in the state which they believed had harboured the hijackers of 9/11 and was still a safe haven for their supporters
  5. What status did the PLO achieve at the UN under Yasser Arafat's leadership?
    The PLO operated on several levels: militarily with its guerrilla campaign, and politically and diplomatically with its search for recognition at the UN
  6. Who was the US Secretary of State who presented to the UN the case for an invasion of Iraq in 2003?
    The speech alleged that Saddam Hussein, the Iraqi dictator, had "weapons of mass destruction", that threatened states within a wide radius of Baghdad. These claims turned out to be false
  7. Al-Quaeda attacked US embassy buildings in 1998 in Africa, resulting in heavy loss of life. Which of the following cities suffered such an attack?
    The purpose of the assaults seems to have been to punish African states for co-operating with Washington
  8. In 1970 the PLO was forced to move from one Arab country to another. What name is given to this process?
    All Arab states sympathised with the PLO , but not all of them wanted the PLO to operate from their territory - partly for fear of Israeli reprisals
  9. In which state was Bin Laden killed by US naval special forces?
    The state government was greatly embarrassed by Bin Laden's presence on its soil
  10. Who first used the term "The War on Terror"?
    The US government was convinced that there was a worldwide terror network that involved both Iraq and Iran - and many other Muslim states

Author: Edward Towne

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