USA: 1932-1941 - The Presidential Election Of 1932 And The First New Deal

The history of the USA between 1840 and 1975 is one of the subjects covered in GCSE History. The 1930s is one of the periods looked at in this topic and this is the first of two quizzes on the subject. It focusses on Franklyn D. Roosevelt and his first New Deal.

In November 1932 the electorate of the USA faced a clear choice: first, Roosevelt and his Democrats who offered a "New Deal", and second, the Republicans who offered more of the same - in other words to avoid getting the state involved in any attempts to fix the US economy.

Test your knowledge of Roosevelt and his first New Deal for the USA in this quiz.

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  1. What had been Roosevelt's previous job before becoming President?
    FDR came from a wealthy and privileged background in New England. He had, however, developed a strong social conscience, and he was determined to try a new approach to America's problems
  2. Which song did FDR choose as his campaign anthem in 1932?
    FDR's optimism was catching
  3. Roosevelt carried out major reforms in the early period of the First New Deal. What name was given to this heady time?
    FDR had promised rapid action: now he had to deliver it
  4. In the so-called Alphabet Agencies FDR planned to spend federal money on new infrastructure. One - the TVA - was restricted to one state. Which state was this?
    The federal intention was to boost electricity production and to relieve farmers' poverty
  5. Roosevelt simplified his aims in the First New Deal into the three R's. What did they stand for?
    Three alliterative words were repeated regularly by Democrat spokesmen
  6. FDR's first statement to the American people concerned the banking crisis. He was especially worried by "bank runs". What are these?
    If FDR could solve the banking problem, confidence might return to the rest of the economy
  7. Some of America's brightest graduates worked for FDR, providing policy advice. What was this group called?
    There were other advisers, but this group was youthful and radical in its recommendations
  8. FDR earned early popularity by repealing a measure passed over twenty years before. What name is given to this law?
    This measure had been extremely unpopular, and had not worked. Indeed it had achieved the exact opposite of its supporters' intentions
  9. How did FDR like to communicate to the American people what he was trying to achieve?
    FDR was a good communicator, but his advisers wondered which would be the best method
  10. Who ran against FDR in 1932 for the Republicans?
    Hoover was the incumbent president, but some Republicans felt that he was discredited by the failures of the previous four years

Author: Edward Towne

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