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USA: 1945-1975 - Land Of Freedom?  US Society In The 1960s And 1970s

In GCSE History students will look at the History of the USA between 1840 and 1975. The last section of this topic covers the 30 years from 1945 until 1975. This is the second of four quizzes on this era and it looks in particular at society and freedom in 1960s and 1970s America.

The 1960s saw considerable unrest in the USA. On university campuses and elsewhere a rebellious counterculture of freedom flourished. By no means all of American society took part in this new lifestyle, and the 1970s saw a reaction to the radicalism of the 1960s. By 1980 another period of Republican government of the USA was looming.

Discover more about society in 1960s and 1970s America - the land of freedom?

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  1. In which year did Nixon achieve a deal with the North Vietnamese, whereby he could agree to withdraw US combat troops at once?
    The Paris accords allowed for a US withdrawal, leaving the South Vietnamese to carry on the struggle alone. Henry Kissinger, Nixon's envoy, and Le Duc Tho, for North Vietnam, received the Nobel Peace Prize for their role
  2. In 1978 the mandatory retirement age in the US was raised from 65. To what age was it now moved?
    An increasingly ageing population forced the Federal Government to raise the age of retirement. The greater tax revenue from older workers might help to sustain more elderly people in their retirement
  3. President Johnson introduced a major series of measures in 1963 intended to help America's poor and to enable all to benefit from a federal health scheme. What was this programme called?
    Johnson hoped to carry on reform in the wake of his predecessor's death, but the continuance of the Vietnam War occupied much of his time and the nation's treasure
  4. In his inauguration speech of 1961 President John F. Kennedy evoked memories of the Nineteenth Century when he urged Americans to look to the future with optimism. What phrase did he use to suggest the pushing forward of boundaries?
    Kennedy's rhetoric was inspirational, but within 3 years he was dead - the victim of an assassin's bullet
  5. Environmentalism was another enthusiasm of the period, encouraged by Rachel Carson's 1962 book, "Silent Spring". Later, at Three Mile Island in Pennsylvania, an incident occurred which led to many protests by activists. What happened there?
    Environmentalists alleged the inherent dangers of nuclear power, while conservatives pointed to the fact that no one had died in this incident
  6. In 1970 President Nixon invaded Cambodia to try to prevent infiltration of communist forces from that country into South Vietnam. Protests erupted across the US, especially on university campuses. At which Ohio university campus were 4 students killed at one such protest?
    The incident horrified US opinion, but very soon Nixon was negotiating with the North Vietnamese to seek an end to the war
  7. The musical apogee of the counterculture was said to be the 3 day pop music festival held in August 1969. What was the festival's name?
    1960s pop music was heavily influenced by folk music (Bob Dylan, Pete Seeger, Peter, Paul and Mary, etc.), while the 1970's saw the rise of punk and hard rock
  8. Student unrest was a feature of most of the decade. At which campus of the University of California did the "Free Speech Movement" emerge in 1964?
    Unrest spread to other campuses across the United States, and was enflamed by the escalation of the Vietnam War
  9. Richard Nixon, who was elected to the Presidency in 1968 and re-elected in 1972, sneered at protesters and praised those Americans who seemed satisfied with the "status quo", and were more inclined to vote for him. How did he refer to these latter citizens?
    Nixon relied on these voters for his election and re-election. But his involvement in the Watergate scandal, and subsequent resignation, did not inspire confidence, and a Democrat (Jimmy Carter) replaced Gerald Ford (Nixon's Vice-President) in 1976
  10. Hippies were a feature of the period. What name was given to a Hippie community, trying to live self-sufficiently?
    Many found self-sufficiency to be a difficult goal, but were sustained by drug use and their pacifist outlook, while the Vietnam War went on

Author: Edward Towne

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