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World War One: 1914-18 - Battles Of 1914 And 1915 On The Western Front

In GCSE History students will look at World War One, including the events which took place during war itself. This is the first of eight quizzes on that topic and it looks in particular at the battles on the Western Front in 1914 and 1915.

1914 saw the end of the type of moving warfare begun by the Germans in their invasion of Belgium in August. By the end of the year trench warfare had begun, with the trench line extending from the Channel coast to the Swiss frontier. Thus the battles of 1915 on the Western Front were attempts by both sides to break out of this.

Learn more about the battles which took place on the Western Front in 1914 and 1915 in this quiz.

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  1. At the end of 1915 Field Marshal French, commander of British forces in France, was dismissed. Who was his successor?
    French was considered to have failed, and to be lacking in fresh ideas. However, none of his possible replacements had any new ideas either
  2. The British force that arrived in France and Belgium during August 1914 consisted of almost the whole of the regular army, and numbered about 125,000 men. By what name was it known?
    Britain - unlike all of the other powers involved in the fighting - had no conscription so her contribution was much smaller, at least in 1914 and 1915. The Kaiser referred to it contemptuously as "a contemptible little army"
  3. In September 1915 British forces unleashed a new deadly weapon for the first time, which had already been used by the Germans on another occasion. What was this weapon?
    Both sides tried to deploy increasingly deadly weapons of war in the hope that this might break the deadlock
  4. Which Belgian town was the centre of four battles in the Great War, the second of which erupted in April 1915?
    This town lay close to the Channel coast. The Germans tried repeatedly to reach the sea, in an attempt to prevent more British reinforcements from getting to the front
  5. Which British politician was given the new post of Munitions Minister, tasked with increasing rapidly the supply of shells and other weapons to the forces on the ground in Northern France?
    Newspapers like the "Daily Mail" complained that the troops at the front were being let down by the political leadership at home - particularly through the failure to produce sufficient munitions
  6. Who was the French commander on the Western Front at this time?
    The French commander-in-chief led huge forces, greatly in excess of the British army
  7. Which Belgian city held out for 12 days against the Germans' Schlieffen Plan advance, thus forcing first, alterations to the plan and secondly, its abandonment?
    The Germans had expected limited Belgian resistance, so a 12 day delay helped the British army to begin to land in France, and the French troops to deploy forward
  8. A major battle started in Belgium in September 1915. What was its name?
    Even after more than a year of war both high commands could only imagine a war of attrition as a way out of the trenches and towards victory
  9. In 1915 the new British air force came into its own. What was it called?
    The new air force could attack from the air, and provide useful information about enemy troop deployments to assist - for example - the Royal Artillery
  10. Which German army leader replaced Moltke in September 1914 as Chief of the German General Staff?
    Moltke was disgraced by the failure of the Schlieffen Plan

Author: Edward Towne

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