World War One: 1914-18 - Battles Of 1916 On The Western Front - 2

In GCSE History World War One is one of the topics looked at. One aspect of it studied is the events which took place during war itself. This is the third of eight quizzes on that subject. It is also the second of two quizzes looking specifically at the battles which took place on the Western Front in 1916.

Despite many battles, the Western Front saw little movement during World War One. In February 1916 Falkenhayn launched his attack against the French fortress complex of Verdun. The French were anxious for a British attack further west to deflect German pressure onto the British sector. General Sir Douglas Haig was keen to embark on another head-on offensive, which he saw as the only way to win the war.

Discover more about some of the battles which took place on the Western Front in 1916 in this quiz.

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  1. The first day of the Battle of the Somme was called "the worst day in the history of the British Army", when nearly 20,000 British soldiers were killed and almost 40,000 wounded, captured or missing. What was the precise date of this day?
    This infantry attack came after a week long British artillery bombardment, which was supposed to destroy German barbed wire, machine guns and trench systems
  2. In anticipation of a huge attack, the British government introduced a new form of recruitment as the response from volunteers was becoming smaller and smaller. What name was given to this new system, long employed on the continent?
    All major European powers employed a form of national service, depending on age and family circumstances
  3. Many young men who signed up for the army preferred to serve in the same units as their work mates, school friends and neighbours. Thus, casualty lists often included siblings and neighbours from the same town and factory. What name was given to such formations?
    These groups usually came from the North and the Midlands
  4. The Ulster Memorial on the Somme commemorates what sort of British troops who fell in the battle between July and November 1916?
    Men from all over Ireland answered the call in the autumn of 1914, but a small minority refused to join up - hoping for a German victory
  5. Lloyd George, newly appointed Defence Minister after the death of Lord Kitchener, had his doubts about the wisdom of the Somme offensive. Much of the blame for failure was put on the prime minister who authorised the attack. Who was this?
    The prime minister resigned in December 1916, having led the Liberal Party since 1908, and Lloyd George seized his chance
  6. In September 1916 a new weapon was employed for the first time at the battle of Flers-Courcelette. Which weapon was this?
    The introduction of any weapon could help to tip the balance in the campaign. However, a long period of training and adjustment was usually necessary
  7. At the end of 1916 - after the end of the Battle of the Somme - German forces withdrew to a pre-prepared defensive line where they expected to receive the next British attack. What name was given to this line?
    German trenches were extremely well built , and hence hard to destroy by artillery or aerial bombardment
  8. The British memorial on the Somme is especially significant. How does it compare with other British war memorials?
    Names appear on the stonework according to military unit, and rank
  9. Which famous British architect designed the Somme memorial to British dead?
    Several British architects, sculptors and painters made their names by designing appropriate memorials to chronicle the British sacrifice in the war
  10. Where exactly is this British memorial?
    A site was selected that would enable the monument to be seen from a great distance in all directions

Author: Edward Towne

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