World War One: 1914-18 - The Home Front

In GCSE History students will look at World War One, including the events which took place during war itself. This is the last of eight quizzes on that topic and it looks in particular at life on the Home Front during the war.

The Great War - World War One - was the first war in which Britain had been involved to see a significant "Home Front". Civilians became caught up in the war whether they liked it or not, and life became very different during the war itself - and for some time afterwards.

Learn more about life on the Home Front during World War One by playing this quiz.

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  1. What two words describe a situation where the prosecution of the war effort requires the mobilisation of all the state's resources, including civilian manpower?
    This was a foreshadowing of things to come. No war would ever again be quite the same
  2. In 1916 conscription was introduced, forcing men to join up. What name was given to those who refused to obey the summons?
    Those who refused to enlist were a problem for the authorities, who decided to make life deliberately unpleasant for them in order to deter others
  3. Which senior British army officer featured in a poster campaign to persuade volunteers to join the forces?
    Men were asked to reply to their country's call in its hour of need, as if each individual was being challenged personally
  4. In May 1916 time was fixed to allow as much daylight for civilian workers as possible. Which system did Britain adopt?
    It was believed that workers worked best in daylight, so the system that offered the least darkness during the working day was adopted
  5. Civilians in urban areas like London suffered from bombing raids. Which kind of aircraft usually featured in such raids?
    Such attacks caused relatively little damage, but they still terrorised civilians
  6. In 1915 a new government post was announced to increase the supply of munitions. The new minister toured the country energetically, encouraging production and preventing strikes. Who was the first person to occupy this post?
    If he were to be successful in this post, the new minister might well seek further promotion
  7. Rationing of certain food items (e.g. sugar, meat, butter, jam and tea) was introduced. In which year?
    Ration cards were provided for families and individuals. It was possible to obtain extra supplies - but only by paying for them on the "Black Market"
  8. Immediately on the outbreak of war an Act of Parliament was passed to restrict many ordinary activities, and to allow the state to increase its area of responsibility. What was this act called?
    For example, whistling and loitering were now forbidden by law
  9. Many men left their civilian jobs to join the forces, but some in essential roles were not allowed to switch. What term was used for work like this, for example, coal-mining or train driving?
    Coal was vital for the making of munitions, as was steel. Work on the land was crucial, but women were able to take over many jobs in this sector
  10. At the end of 1914 German warships from the High Seas Fleet bombarded several British coastal towns. Which of the following towns was among the victims?
    These raids were intended to show British civilians that they were not safe anywhere from the enemy's attacks

Author: Edward Towne

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