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World War One: 1914-18 - The War On The Eastern Front

In GCSE History one topic studied is World War One and one aspect of this that is looked at is the events which happened during the war itself. This is the sixth of eight quizzes on that subject, focussing in particular on the war on the Eastern Front.

The German Schlieffen Plan was put into action in August 1914 and Germany attacked France, before turning on Russia. Both Germany and Austria-Hungary fought Russia on the long Eastern Front until the end of 1917. The new Bolshevik regime in Russia made an early peace with Germany and withdrew from World War One in March 1918.

Discover more about the Eastern Front during World War One in this informative quiz.

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  1. Who was the Austrian chief-of-staff responsible for the Austro-Hungarian effort on the Eastern Front?
    This commander had played a key role in 1914. He had encouraged the Austrian Emperor, Franz Josef, to take a hard line against the Serbs in June and July 1914
  2. Which city in Russian Poland did the Germans capture in 1915, and retain until the end of the war?
    Poles resented the German presence, but they loathed the Russians more
  3. What was the approximate length of the Eastern Front in miles?
    The Eastern Front was much longer than the Western Front so it was unlikely that trench warfare would ever become a major feature there
  4. In March 1918 negotiations between Russian Bolshevik and Imperial German negotiators bore fruit, and a treaty was signed that effectively ended the war in the East. Where was this deal signed?
    This agreement satisfied both sides: Germany was able to concentrate on the war against Britain and France, while Lenin had his hands free to assert his authority over Russia
  5. In August 1914 Russian armies invaded German territory in the East and fought two battles there. What was the name of this part of Germany?
    The Russians were optimistic that the absence of most of the German army (otherwise engaged in France and Belgium) would enable them to defeat the Germans on their home ground
  6. Which senior German commander assumed responsibility in the East soon after the start of hostilities?
    The front needed buttressing following the Russian invasion of this region
  7. What name was given to the German-led coalition fighting the Allies in the Great War?
    The alliance system had grown up in Europe ever since 1879. However, by the middle of the Great War there had been changes on each side
  8. Which Balkan state defected from its alliance with Germany in June 1916, and joined the Western Allies?
    The new ally brought with it significant quantities of raw materials like oil and grain
  9. Which Russian general launched a successful offensive on the Eastern Front in the spring of 1916, thus easing the pressure on French forces still defending Verdun against a massive German onslaught?
    This general was one of Russia's least incompetent, and he made at least two other incursions on the Eastern Front - usually at the expense of Austro-Hungarian forces
  10. Which of his relatives did Tsar Nicholas II replace as supreme army commander?
    The Tsar believed that his move to the front would raise morale in Russia, but it left the Tsarina in Petrograd with "Our Friend" - Rasputin

Author: Edward Towne

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