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World War One Aftermath: 1933-1938 The Policy Of Appeasement

In GCSE History, students will look at the aftermath of World War One. One topic that is covered is Nazi Germany and her relations with other countries during the 1930s. This is the third of four quizzes on that subject. and it focusses on the policy of appeasement towards Nazi Germany.

Hitler's Nazi Party came to power in 1933, and immediately Hitler began his attempt to dismantle the Treaty of Versailles: in 1933 Germany left the League of Nations and the Disarmament Conference. Britain was faced with a choice of policy: either give Hitler what he wanted ("appeasement"), or stop him, which would mean war.

Find out more about the policy of appeasement in this quiz.

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  1. In April 1937 a market town in the Basque Provinces of Northern Spain was attacked by German aeroplanes, forming part of the Condor Legion, and showing the failure of outside attempts to prevent arms supplies from reaching either side in Spain. What was the name of the devastated town?
    Franco loathed the Basques, who were devout Catholics but also supporters of the Spanish Republic. He therefore authorised this raid, which outraged international opinion
  2. In 1934 Hitler failed to seize a nearby country by force. Which state was this?
    In 1934 Hitler was relatively weak - rearmament had hardly begun, and his power over Germany was nothing like what it was later to become
  3. In 1935 Hitler announced a vast increase in naval construction, in clear breach of the disarmament clauses in the Treaty of Versailles. Britain's response was to sign a separate agreement with Hitler to allow him to build warships up to a certain proportion of the Royal Navy's tonnage. What was the name of this deal?
    The British were faced with a choice: either confront Hitler by force to comply with the 1919 treaty, or do a compromise deal with him. Britain, as a great naval power, was anxious to limit German naval building to the point where it did not challenge British naval supremacy. However, Britain could expect little support from other states in pursuing this agenda
  4. In July 1936 General Franco unleashed a military rebellion against the elected government of Spain. Mussolini's Italy and Hitler's Germany gave the rising strong military support. The Spanish government received some arms from France and the Soviet Union. Britain backed an international commission with the intention of preventing arms from reaching either side. What was the name of this body?
    The attempt to keep weapons out of Spain was well-intentioned, but destined to fail, as the arms suppliers took no notice of regular appeals to desist from interference in what was, in essence, a civil war
  5. The British prime minister, Neville Chamberlain, flew three times within roughly a week in September 1938 to meet Hitler to discuss the Czech crisis. Where did the first of these meetings take place?
    Chamberlain had to travel to wherever Hitler happened to be at any given time
  6. In 1938 the Czechoslovak Republic bent over backwards to accommodate the demands of the German-speaking minority for greater autonomy. What was the name of the Czech leader who looked to Britain and France to guarantee his country from aggression?
    The Czech government was elected democratically, but they faced a terrible dilemma when Czech territorial integrity was threatened by German aggression. Czechoslovakia did have a treaty of alliance with France and Russia from 1935, but Russia was excused from taking any action, unless France did so as well
  7. Hitler insisted at a late stage in the crisis that large parts of Southern Slovakia would have to be given to a neighbouring power. What was the name of this power?
    Hitler intensified the crisis when he insisted that the claims of other states on Czech territory should be accommodated. Mussolini suggested an international conference to work out a compromise, and thus war was postponed until 1939. Italy was worried that she might be dragged into a war before she was ready
  8. The area of Czechoslovakia inhabited by ethnic Germans coincided with the country's western border, that formed a mountainous U shape. What name was given to this vital region?
    This area had never been part of Germany before - until 1919 it had formed part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. However, there were strong economic and strategic reasons why it should remain Czech
  9. In the spring of 1936 Hitler sent German forces into the demilitarised Rhineland in clear breach of the Versailles Treaty. What action did the British government take?
    This was a blatant infringement of Versailles., and possibly the last occasion when Hitler could have been successfully resisted. However, there were those who felt that Germany's treatment in 1919 had been too harsh, and that Hitler's aims were in any event limited. Others looked to the League of Nations for action, of which Britain was one of the leading members
  10. Who was the French prime minister who represented his country at Munich where the treaty to dismember the Czech state was signed?
    The French hoped that they would not need to honour their treaty with Czechoslovakia, and that Britain would assist them in this

Author: Edward Towne

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