World War One Aftermath: League Of Nations - 1930s - The Manchuria Crisis Of 1931-1932

In GCSE History students will look at World War One and its aftermath, including the subsequent League of Nations. This is the third of four quizzes on that topic and it looks in particular at how the League of Nations dealt with the Manchuria Crisis.

The Japanese attack on Manchuria was the first major crisis to challenge the League of Nations, when one substantial power attacked another. China, as a League member, appealed to the League HQ for assistance.

Learn how the League of Nations dealt with the Manchuria Crisis in this quiz.

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  1. Which great power never joined the League?
    The original idea had been that all major states would join. However, democratic countries needed to refer the issue to their elected parliaments, and not all such assemblies were that keen on the pledges needed for League membership
  2. Which British diplomat was sent by the League to Manchuria to investigate and report back?
    Sending an investigator had the advantage of playing for time. No League member was keen on action, especially in difficult economic circumstances
  3. What measures did the League take against Japan following the submission of a report on what had happened in Manchuria?
    The League had a range of actions which it could take but chose none of them
  4. Which Japanese textile industry was hit particularly badly by the recession?
    Japan's economy was heavily dependent on exports. Manchuria offered new sources of raw materials and fresh markets for manufactured goods
  5. Which political group officially formed the government in the rest of China at this time?
    From the early 1920s China was in the throes of a civil war, complicated from 1931 by the Japanese attack on Manchuria
  6. The Japanese even changed the name of Manchuria, pretending that it was now a fully independent state. What was the new name?
    The new state never obtained wide international recognition, being regarded as a Japanese colony won by brutal conquest
  7. What name was given to the League of Nations' principle whereby an attack on one member was regarded as an attack on all? Thus, all member states should feel safe in the event of outside aggression.
    Many quite minor states joined the League, maintaining that this principle, accepted by all members, was what attracted them about membership
  8. What was Japan's status in the League of Nations at this time (1931)?
    The peacemakers in 1919 were keen that all major states should belong to the League
  9. What name is given to the severe economic downturn, which began in 1929 and continued well into the 1930s?
    Beginning in the USA, these problems soon affected all industrial nations to a greater or lesser extent
  10. Once they had overrun Manchuria, the Japanese installed a member of the Manchu dynasty to rule the territory as a puppet. What was his name?
    The Manchu dynasty, which itself came from Manchuria, had ruled China for centuries. A republic had been set up in 1911, but the Japanese managed to locate a surviving male member of the family

Author: Edward Towne

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