Year 1 - Adding ed

Adding ed teaches KS1 children how to change the spellings of verbs from the present to past tense. This sound is stipulated in the Year 1 spelling list set out in the National Curriculum.

A verb is a doing word. To show a verb has been done, we add ‘ed’ to the end, liked ‘jump’ turns into ‘jumped’. All you need to do is add ‘ed’. However, if the word has a short vowel sound like ‘hop’, you need to double the last letter (the consonant), making it 'hopped'. Test your knowledge on these ‘ed’ spellings.

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  1. Spell the missing word: They _____ a cake.
    The word 'bake' ends in an 'e', so we only need to add 'd' to turn into into 'baked'.
  2. Spell the missing word: She _____ if she could play on the slide.
    For this one, you should write the verb 'ask' then add the 'ed' after.
  3. Spell the missing word: She _____ for ten minutes.
    Here the 'i' sound is considered a short vowel sound and that is why the 'p' is doubled.
  4. Spell the missing word: The dog laughed and _____ all day.
    The vowel sound in this word is considered long as you say 'aye' not 'ah', that is why we don't double the last letter.
  5. Change the word 'dance' to the past tense.
    If the verb ends in an 'e' already, you just need to add a 'd'.
  6. Spell the missing word: You have been _____.
    The 'o' sound in this word is considered to be a short vowel sound, this means the 'o' sound isn't stressed like it is in the word 'look'. When the vowel sound is short, we double the last letter then add 'ed'.
  7. Spell the missing word: Her phone has been _____.
    Phones can be very expensive to fix, that's why many people buy protective covers for them.
  8. Spell the missing word: They _____ fists.
    The present tense word for this is 'bump' but if you did this in the past then we add 'ed', making it 'bumped'.
  9. Spell the missing word: What has _____ to your room?
    The best way to spell this word is to write 'happen' then just add 'ed' to the end.
  10. Spell the missing word: He _____ over.
    This is a short vowel sound. Make sure you spell the verb first, like 'slip' then add the last three letters.

Author: Finola Waller

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