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Spelling: Phonemes

This KS2 English spelling quiz will test you on phonemes. A phoneme is a single language sound. The word 'cat' has three phonemes - 'c', 'a', and 't'. A grapheme is a letter or combination of letters which spells a phoneme. The 'c' sound heard in 'cat' can also be made by the grapheme 'k' as in 'kettle' or the 'ck' of 'brick'. Learning phonics can help you with your spelling.

You may want to play the quiz on graphemes along with this quiz to give you a full understanding of the differences.

See how well you know the English language and its phonemes by trying this quiz.

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  1. Which of these words shares the 'e' sound heard in 'he'?
    The 's' in 'easy' has a 'z' sound.
  2. Which of these words shares the 'ou' sound heard in 'mouse'?
    The 'ou' spelling can represent many different phonemes - see the grapheme quiz for more practice.
  3. Which one of these words shares the 'j' sound heard in 'jelly'?
    The correct answer sounds like fuj.
  4. Which one of these words shares the 'f' sound heard in 'farm'?
    'Ph' is pronounced 'f', as in 'phone'. The 'f' in 'of' makes a different sound. Say it carefully and you will hear a 'v' as in 'oven'.
  5. Which of these words shares the 'i' sound heard in 'fin'?
    The 'i' in final and fright sounds like the word 'eye'.
  6. Which one of these words shares the 'w' sound heard in 'winter'?
    Although you can see the letter 'w' in 'saw' and 'flew', you do not hear it as a 'w' sound. Say the word 'queen' carefully and you will hear the 'w'.
  7. Which one of these words shares the 'z' sound heard in 'zoo'?
    The word 'please' sounds as if it could be written 'pleeze'!
  8. Which of these words shares the 's' sound heard in 'super'?
    'Potion' and 'share' make a 'sh' sound, while the 's' in 'cries' makes a 'z' sound.
  9. Which one of these words shares the 'th' sound heard in 'bother'?
    In these words you can hear two different sounds that the grapheme 'th' can make, but you have to listen carefully. Other languages use different spellings to show the difference between the two sounds. In Welsh, the 'th' of 'path' is spelled 'th', while the 'th' sound heard in 'weather' is spelled with a 'dd'.
  10. Which of these words shares the 'b' sound heard in 'bird'?
    Although you can see the letter 'b' in 'comb' and 'crumb', you can't hear it!

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