Writing Explanations

This KS2 English quiz will challenge you on writing explanations. Writing explanations are statements that make clear something by describing it in detail. Some of the most popular non-fiction books in school libraries are the explanation books. People love reading books that explain how, why, where, when and what. Explanations are perfect for those who are always asking questions.

If you have an interest in science, you will probably be familiar with explanation books. It's one thing to read explanations, but how good are you at writing explanations?

See if you understand how explanations are different from other types of writing by trying this English quiz.

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  1. Which of the following connectives would you NOT find in an explanation?
    'Furthermore', 'moreover' and 'in conclusion' would be used in an argument, but not in an explanation.
  2. In an explanation about how a lava lamp works, which tense would you use?
    Most explanations are written in the present tense, although it is sometimes possible to use the past (giving an example from the past) or the future (explaining what will happen next).
  3. Which of the following would be an example of an explanatory (explanation) text?
    Next time you are reading a piece of writing, look out for any explanatory text.
  4. Why are illustrations, diagrams and charts used in explanations?
    If you are asked to write an explanation, remember to use any or all of these in your work.
  5. What should the introduction include?
    The introduction can also mention the most important key words and define them.
  6. Which of these questions could NOT be answered by an explanation?
    If the question was 'Why should pupils have to wear a school uniform?' this could be answered by an explanation.
  7. Which of the following would NOT be a suitable title for an explanation?
    'How to make an alpine garden' would be a set of instructions.
  8. You would use a glossary for ____
    A glossary gives the meanings of words.
  9. Explanations are written in ____
    We have a KS2 English quiz called 'First, Second and Third Person' if you want to refresh your memory on the differences.
  10. What is the purpose of an explanation?
    Explanations have many purposes.

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