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Homework Hints

Why is homework important and how can you help? Here are some ideas, hints and tips for parents to ensure that children get the maximum benefit from homework.

Why homework?

Teachers set homework to consolidate what has been taught in school, and to help pupils to develop as independent learners. Children who regularly complete homework achieve better results than those who don’t.

Supportive parents and guardians will positively encourage independent learning and motivate children to learn at home. But a study of 2000 parents in 2014 revealed that 1 in 6 parents did all of their children’s homework for them!

The following suggestions include some tips for making independent learning easier, and ways you can help your child with their homework skills.

Keep in the know

  • Many schools give pupils a ‘Homework Diary’ or timetable. Check this to see what work your child has to do
  • Learning methods have changed – and your child may get confused if you teach them a different way of calculating maths problems, so check how certain subjects are taught and what the curriculum covers
  • Establish a good relationship with your child’s teacher/s, discuss any issues with them and find out any areas your child is struggling in. Parents evenings and reports are great for this, but if you have any concerns, speak to teachers anyway
  • Some children find it difficult to focus at home. ‘Homework Clubs’ can be useful in such cases

Duration

There are no longer any government guidelines for homework. It is now up to each individual school to decide how much homework should be set. Check with your child’s school.

As a rough guide, previous government guidelines (scrapped in 2012) suggested the following routines:

Primary school children:

  • Years 1 and 2: 60 minutes per week
  • Years 3 and 4: 90 minutes per week
  • Years 5 and 6: 30 minutes a day

Secondary school children:

  • Years 7 and 8: 45 - 90 minutes a day
  • Year 9: 60 -120 minutes a day
  • Years 10 and 11: 90 - 150 minutes a day

Always discuss with teachers if you are concerned that there is too much, or too little, homework given.

Motivation and Encouragement

Take an active interest. Get your child to show you what they have done at school and ask them to explain projects and assignments.
  • Encourage them to show you their work. Give constructive criticism and praise as appropriate
  • Establish a good work ethic that will benefit your child later on in life
  • Encourage them to double-check work and see where they can make improvements
  • Homework should be fun and enjoyable! Use colours, charts and stickers to reward achievement and recognise their efforts. Display their work
  • Work out how and when your child works best. Some concentrate best when they arrive home and others require a short break before they start working again
  • ‘Homework Timers’ can be useful tools for younger or reluctant children. Novelty ones that flash and make sounds make it even more enjoyable!

Organisation

Getting organised is one of the most important ways in which you can help your child.

  • Assign a designated time every evening when homework needs to be completed. It should be part of the family routine
  • As a parent, help your child to set up a quiet and inspirational workspace – somewhere where there are no distractions such as TV, mobile phones and Internet (unless for research). Set up an area with a desk or table where they can work quietly. For younger children, you can make this colourful and stimulating with display boards, charts and a desk tidy
  • Make sure that your child has all the materials they require, such as reference books, revision guides, pens, pencils, paper, crayons and maths equipment
  • Support them in trying to find a solution if they are stuck and suggest that they look a word up themselves, or research further
  • Encourage your child to design a ‘Homework Timetable’ and help them to plan when work is due in and test dates are coming up
  • A ‘To Do’ checklist is a good idea, so they can tick off work as it is completed
  • Explain the importance of time management and not leaving homework until the last minute

Primary School Homework

  • For primary school pupils, reading is one of the most important activities you can do with your child from a young age. All the subjects taught at school depend on reading and writing. The more time you spend with them reading (and understanding) the better they will perform in ALL subjects. Schedule time every day for reading or spellings and check if your child has been asked to complete a ‘Reading Record’
  • Discover the subjects that they like and get them interested in books and research. Visit local libraries and encourage them to take books out
  • If English isn’t your first language, help them to enjoy books in both English and their first language
  • Make maths fun and interactive. Get your child to recognise shapes, make calculations and handle money
  • School websites often have useful resources. Or you can Google a keyword

Secondary School Homework

  • Secondary school pupils should be left to work more independently, but reassure them that they can ask for advice if they feel overwhelmed
  • Help them to plan a realistic homework/revision timetable and stick to it
  • Teenagers are always on their mobile phones! Make use of ‘apps’ to help them to organise their homework. There are lots of planners and productivity apps that can be downloaded to phones and iPads to remind them of tasks they need to complete, to manage their time
  • If your child works best with others, suggest a ‘study friend’ who is a positive influence – remembering that work comes first!

Final thoughts

Actively supporting your child to do homework provides an invaluable learning foundation, since teaching children to work independently will give them a lasting advantage. Help them to be organised, offer support if they are struggling and always reward their efforts with praise and encouragement.

Of course, you can also use the curriculum-based Education Quizzes!

  1. Which of the following is not a reason that teachers set homework for their pupils?
    There are many reasons homework is set, other than those listed. For example, work set before a lesson can increase a child's understanding in class and the discipline of having regular homework will help when the time comes to revise
  2. Many have claimed that homework is harmful to children. Which of the following has NOT been cited as a concern?
    The first three arguments have all been made against homework but it cannot be denied that children who regularly do homework do much better in school than those who do not
  3. According to the government, how much homework should a GCSE student be given per day?
    Up until 2012 45 - 90 minutes of homework a day was the recommended amount for GCSE students. However, government policy now states that head teachers can choose how much homework their pupils should be set
  4. What is the best time of day for a child to do their homework?
    Every child is different. Ideally you should find out when they work best and make that part of the day 'homework time'. A regular schedule will also help their self discipline
  5. Which of the following should be absent from a child's workspace?
    Mobile phones nowadays have apps which can help children to research topics and to organise their studies. Just make sure that that is what they are being used for!
  6. What is the best way for you to help your children in the first years of primary school?
    Reading is the most important skill - without it children will struggle to learn. Even if your child is not set any homework you should make time every day for reading
  7. Should you help with your child's homework?
    Of course we should help our children but doing their work for them will not help them at all. If your child does not understand a question then explain it to them but let them work out the answer themselves. Teachers need to know what their pupils know and what they don't in order to help them learn
  8. Which of these is NOT a reason to look at your child's completed homework?
    Whilst you can offer advice and suggest improvements, it is better for your child to check and change their own work rather than you!
  9. Which of the following is the best place for a child to do their homework?
    For most children a quiet environment with access to study materials is best. Sometimes home can't provide these and an alternative location might be required
  10. What percentage of studies show that children set homework out-perform those who are not in class tests?
    According to research looking at 35 different studies on homework, 77% of these studies found pupils set homework performed better than those who were not

 

Author: Linda Innes

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