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Grammar - Adjectives and Types of Adverbs

In this Spanish Difficult Review quiz you will be reviewing adjectives and the different types of adverbs. For instance, an adjective provides further description of a noun or pronoun. Look at the Spanish noun for house which is casa. Now look at the sentence: It is a house. From that sentence, what do you know about that house? Nothing really. Now let’s add an adjective so that you now have the sentence: The house is red.

What have you now learned about the house? You learned that the house is red. In this case, red is an adjective as it further describes the given noun.

ADVERBS

An adverb is a word that can modify verbs, adjectives and even other adverbs. Adverbs also tell you when, where, why, how or under what conditions something has happened.

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In the Spanish Difficult Review quizzes titled Grammar: Comparative Adverbs and Grammar: Superlative Adverbs you learned that there were different types of adverbs. These included the 'Adverbs of Manner' (English words that end with the letters 'ly' while in Spanish they end with the letters 'mente'), the 'Comparative Adverbs' (English words that indicate quantity or quality and where most words end with the letters 'er' whereas in Spanish the words más or menos are placed before the noun, adverb or adjective it is comparing) and the 'Superlative Adverbs'. The Superlative Adverbs are adverbs that indicate the most. In English this is shown by the words ending of with the letters 'est'. In Spanish, these types of adverbs include the definite article just before the words of más and menos.

Now let’s revisit the sentence above. You know that the house is red. What if you were to say, the house is redder. What kind of an adverb form would that be? The adjective was red – now you are learning even more information because it is now redder. So, when an adverb modifies an adjective and the letters 'er' make the adjective become an adverb, what kind of an adverb is it?

Since the word ends with the letters 'er' the adverb is known as a 'Comparative Adverb' as it now shows you quality and/or quantity. Now what if the sentence were to read as: The house is the reddest. What kind of an adverb would it be then? Since red ends with the letters 'est' you know that it is a 'Superlative Adverbs' as it gives you the most quality and/or quantity.

Now what if the sentence reads as: The red house quickly washed away. What kind of an adverb is shown here? There is an action of how something happened, i.e., “quickly”. This type of an adverb is an 'Adverb of Manner' as it tells how something happened.

NEED A REFRESHER ON ADVERBS?

If you need more of a refresher on the different types of adverbs, please revisit the Spanish Difficult Review quizzes titled Grammar: Comparative Adverbs and Grammar: Superlative Adverbs as they will provide you with examples and a little more information on each type of adverb. The goal of this quiz is to help you remember those different types. Therefore, you will be given ten sentences, each in Spanish. Your task is to then determine if the sentence is in the basic adjective form, the Adverb of Manner form, the Comparative Adverb form or the Superlative Adverb form.

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  1. Mi hermano tiene el más rápido coche.
    This sentence reads: My brother has the fastest car. So what do we learn about the car? That it is the fastest which also means the most. In English this is demonstrated with the ending letters of 'est' while in Spanish it is the definite article (el) followed by the word 'más'. When this occurs, you have the superlative adverb form.
  2. Rebecca viste modestamente.
    The sentence reads: Rebecca dresses modestly. The question to be asked here is: How does Rebecca dress? The answer is modestly. This is then showing us how something is done. When an adverb shows us how something is done, it ends with the letters 'mente' in Spanish and 'ly' in English. This is an adverb of manner form.
  3. ¿Cuál es el más corto?
    This sentence reads: Which way is the shortest? So what do we learn about the way? That it is the shortest which also means the most. In English this is demonstrated with the ending letters of 'est' while in Spanish it is the definite article (el) followed by the word 'más'. When this occurs, you have the superlative adverb form.
  4. El agricultor tiene un más grande tractor.
    This sentence reads as: The farmer has a bigger tractor. So what do you learn about the tractor? That it is bigger. This relates to quantity or quality or, in other words, two or more things are being compared to each other. In English this is shown by adding the letters 'er' to the end of the word while in Spanish the word más for more is used. This then tells you that this is a comparative adverb form.
  5. La clase secretamente hizo planes.
    The sentence reads: The class secretly made plans. The question to be asked here is: How did the class make plans? The answer is secretly. This is then showing us how something is done. When an adverb shows us how something is done, it ends with the letters 'mente' in Spanish and 'ly' in English. This is an adverb of manner form.
  6. Juan fue orgulloso.
    The sentence reads: John was proud. What do you learn about John? That he was proud. Proud describes John so it is a simple adjective.
  7. La cara del bebé es más redonda.
    This sentence reads as: The baby’s face is rounder. (More literally it reads: The face of the baby is more round.) So what do you learn about the baby’s face? That it is rounder. This relates to quantity or quality or, in other words, two or more things are being compared to each other. In English this is shown by adding the letters 'er' to the end of the word while in Spanish the word más for more is used. This then tells you that this is a comparative adverb form.
  8. Mark fue el más gracioso.
    This sentence reads: Mark was the funniest. So what do we learn about Mark? That he was the funniest which also means the most. In English this is demonstrated with the ending letters of 'est' while in Spanish it is the definite article (el) followed by the word 'más'. When this occurs, you have the superlative adverb form.
  9. El cohete fue brillante.
    The sentence reads: The rocket was glowing. What do you learn about the rocket? That it was glowing. Glowing describes the rocket so it is a simple adjective.
  10. El alcalde gentilmente aceptó el premio.
    The sentence reads: The Mayor graciously accepted the award. The question to be asked here is: How did the Mayor accept the award? The answer is graciously. This is then showing us how something is done. When an adverb shows us how something is done, it ends with the letters 'mente' in Spanish and 'ly' in English. This is an adverb of manner form.

Author: Christine G. Broome

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