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Grammar - Conjugating - AR Verbs in the Future Tense (Part 1)

In this Spanish Difficult Review quiz you will be introduced to conjugating verbs in the future tense. If you have been taking each series of quizzes, i.e., Spanish Easy Review, Spanish Medium Review and Spanish Difficult Review, you will recall that in the Spanish Easy Review quiz series you learned how to conjugate verbs in the present tense. This refers to actions that are occurring at that very moment.

In the Spanish Medium Review quiz series you learned how to conjugate verbs in the past tense. This refers to actions that have occurred in the past.

As not every action takes place either in the present or in the past, here in the Spanish Difficult Review quiz series you will be learning how to conjugate verbs in the future tense. This refers to actions that will occur at some point in time in the future.

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FUTURE TENSE AND 'AR' VERBS

Spanish actually has several other verb tenses but the main focus in the Spanish Difficult Review quiz series is to learn the future tense. For those looking forward to continuing on with their Spanish education, please be aware that there is more to learn when it comes to verbs. However, right now let’s just focus on the future or future tense. In addition, for this quiz and for the following two quizzes after it, you will be focusing solely on AR verbs.

If you remember, in the present tense, the verb endings for AR verbs are: o, as, a, amos, áis, an. The past tense verb endings are: é, aste, ó, amos, asteis, aron. These ending are added onto the base form of the verb after the AR ending has been dropped off. Now let’s look at the verb endings for the future tense.

The future tense verb endings are: é, ás, á, emos, éis, án. There are a lot of accent marks involved. There is another thing that is very important to remember when it comes to the future tense verbs and that is that you DO NOT drop the AR ending off of the base form of the verb before adding the endings. Rather, the future tense verb endings are added to the base form of the verb. Let’s look at the verb 'hablar' as it would appear in the present, the past and the future tenses.

HABLAR (to speak)

  • Present Tense: (yo) hablo; (tú) hablas; (él/ella/usted/lo) habla; (nosotros/as) hablamos; (vosotros/as) habláis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) hablan
  • Past Tense: (yo) hablé; (tú) hablaste; (él/ella/usted/lo) habló; (nosotros/as) hablamos; (vosotros/as) hablasteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) hablaron
  • Future Tense: (yo) hablaré; (tú) hablarás; (él/ella/usted/lo) hablará; (nosotros/as) hablaremos; (vosotros/as) hablaréis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) hablarán

In translating the future tense of hablar you have: I will speak, you will speak [singular familiar], he/she/you [singular formal]/it will speak, we will speak, you will speak [plural familiar] and they/you [plural formal] will speak.

Since you have had quite a bit of experience with conjugating many verbs, neither this quiz nor the other quizzes that will follow will lay out how each verb is conjugated in the present tense. Therefore, to complete the quiz, you will need to rely upon all that you have learned with each verb that you have already been given. There will be a few new verbs added in the next few AR verb quizzes but only those verbs will be conjugated for you if they are irregular verbs. Otherwise, the rules apply to their conjugation as well.

If you feel like you need to have a refresher on conjugating AR verbs then please do take the time now to look back at the corresponding quizzes in both the Spanish Easy Quiz review series, as well as the Spanish Medium Review quiz series. Then, when you are ready, come back to this first AR, future tense verb quiz. There will be ten sentences with each sentence containing a base form verb that will be shown in all capitalized letters. Your task will be to find the future tense form of that verb. You will need to pay attention to what the pronoun is to get the correct form of the verb.

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  1. Nadine CANTAR on opening night.
    The verb cantar means to sing. Now you need to make it a future tense verb. To do that you need to determine which pronoun can replace Nadine. That would be she or ella. The first answer is not a proper verb ending for cantar. The second answer is missing an accent mark over the last 'a' but it too would not be the proper verb form. The last answer reads: I will sing. It contains the wrong pronoun. The third answer reads: She will sing. It is the proper pronoun verb form and the given sentence now reads as: Nadine will sing on opening night.
  2. Father, will you EQUILIBRAR the books?
    The verb equilibrar means to balance. Now you need to make it a future tense verb. Notice that a pronoun has been given to replace father, i.e., you. Which you would that be? A father is a very familiar person and only one person. Therefore, you need to use the singular/familiar form of the verb for you. The first answer reads: they balanced. It is the past tense form of the verb and the wrong pronoun. The second answer means: you will balance (which can also read as 'will you balance' as a question is being asked) but it is in the singular formal form so it is not correct. The third answer means: they will balance (will they balance) or you [plural formal] will balance (will you balance). Neither of them is correct. The last answer reads as: you [singular familiar] will balance (will you balance) which is the correct form. The given sentence now reads as: Father, will you balance the books?
  3. We ORAR for a speedy recovery.
    The verb orar means to pray. Now you need to make it a future tense verb. The pronoun we has been provided. The first answer is not a proper verb ending for orar. The second answer shows an improper AR future verb ending for we. The third answer also shows an improper future verb ending as there is no accent mark needed. The last answer reads: we will pray. It is the proper pronoun verb form and the given sentence now reads as: We will pray for a speedy recovery.
  4. They SENTAR at the back of the bus.
    The verb sentar means to sit. Now you need to make it a future tense verb. The pronoun they has been provided. The second answer is not the proper verb ending as it reads: you [plural familiar] will sit. The third answer shows the past tense form for they sat so it is also not correct. The last answer has improperly conjugated the verb as an irregular verb. The first answer reads: they will sit. It is the proper pronoun verb form and the given sentence now reads as: They will sit at the back of the bus.
  5. The Johnsons VIAJAR to Hawaii next week.
    The verb viajar means to travel. Now you need to make it a future tense verb. To do that you need to know which pronoun can replace the Johnsons. That would be they or ellos. The first answer is an improper future tense ending for viajar. The second answer reads: we will travel. That is the improper pronoun verb form. The last answer reads: you [plural familiar] will travel. This, too, shows the wrong pronoun verb form. The second answer reads: they will travel. It is the proper pronoun verb form and the given sentence now reads as: They will travel to Hawaii next week.
  6. I LLAMAR you when I get home.
    The verb llamar means to call. Now you need to make it a future tense verb. The pronoun 'I' has been provided for you. The first answer is an improper future tense ending for llamar. The third answer reads: he/she/you [singular formal]/it will call. That is not the improper pronoun verb form. The last answer is not a future tense verb ending. The second answer reads: I will call. It is the proper pronoun verb form and the given sentence now reads as: I will call you when I get home.
  7. You two CASAR in June. (plural familiar)
    The verb casar means to marry. Now you need to make it a future tense verb. The pronoun you has been provided for you, i.e., plural familiar. The first answer reads: you will marry. It shows the singular formal pronoun form so it is not correct. The second answer reads: you will marry. It shows the plural formal pronoun form which is also not correct. The last answer reads: you will marry. It shows the singular familiar pronoun form – again this is not correct. The third answer reads: you will marry. It does show the proper pronoun verb form of plural familiar and it now reads as: You two will marry in June.
  8. The teacher MOSTRAR the class how to do the experiment.
    The verb mostrar means to show. Now you need to make it a future tense verb. To do that you need to know which pronoun can replace the teacher. That would be he or él (as you do not know if the teacher is male or female). The first answer is an improper future tense ending for mostrar. The second answer reads: you [singular familiar] will show. It is not the improper pronoun verb form needed here. The third answer reads: I will show. This, too, is not the correct pronoun verb form for the given sentence. The last answer reads: he will show. It is the proper pronoun verb form and the given sentence now reads as: The teacher will show the class how to do the experiment.
  9. I DAR plenty of warning.
    The verb dar means to give. Now you need to make it a future tense verb. The pronoun 'I' has been provided for you. The first, second and third answers are each improper future tense endings for dar. The last answer reads: I will give. It is the proper pronoun verb form and the given sentence now reads as: I will give you plenty of warning.
  10. The girls LLEVAR the new uniforms.
    The verb llevar means to wear. Now you need to make it a future tense verb. To do that you need to know which pronoun can replace the girls. That would be they or ellas. The second answer reads: we will wear. That is not the correct future tense pronoun verb form for the given sentence. The third answer is an improper future tense ending for llevar. The third answer reads as: you [plural familiar] will wear. That is not the pronoun verb form to be used. The first answer reads: they will wear. It is the proper pronoun verb form and the given sentence now reads as: The girls will wear the new uniforms.

Author: Christine G. Broome

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