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Grammar - Conjugating - ER Verbs in the Future Tense (Part 1)

In this Spanish Difficult Review quiz you will begin to conjugate ER verbs in the future tense. However, before you to that, if you have not already taken the Spanish Difficult Review future tense quizzes for AR verbs then please do so now.

As you know, Spanish has three different types of verbs, i.e., AR, ER and IR verbs. In the Spanish Easy Review quiz series you learned how to conjugate those verbs in the present tense. In the Spanish Medium Review quiz series you learned how to conjugate the verbs in the past tense. That brought you here to the Spanish Difficult Review quiz series where you have, or should have, learned the new endings for AR verbs in the future tense. Now it is time to focus on the ER verbs and their future tense verb endings in this quiz and the next two quizzes to follow.

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ER FUTURE TENSE VERB ENDINGS

As you were advised in the AR future tense verb quizzes, in the future tense, the base form of most verbs will remain intact. In other words, they do not lose their endings but, rather, other endings are added on to the base form of the verb. The AR future tense endings were: é, ás, á, emos, éis, án. The ER future tense verb endings are: é, ás, á, emos, éis, án. Did you see what just happened? That’s right, the ER verb endings are exactly the same as the AR verb endings. That should help to make learning the future tense a whole lot easier! So, to begin with, let’s take a look at one ER verb as it will be conjugated in all three verb tenses.

COMER (to eat)

  • Present Tense: (yo) como; (tú) comes; (él/ella/usted/lo) come; (nosotros/as) comemos; (vosotros/as) coméis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) comen
  • Past Tense: (yo) comí; (tú) comiste; (él/ella/usted/lo) comió; (nosotros/as) comimos; (vosotros/as) comisteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) comieron
  • Future Tense: (yo) comeré; (tú) comerás; (él/ella/usted/lo) comerá; (nosotros/as) comeremos; (vosotros/as) comeréis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) comerán

In translating the future tense of COMER you have: I will eat, you will eat [singular familiar], he/she/you [singular formal] will eat, we will eat, you will eat [plural familiar] and they/you [plural formal] will eat.

Just as was mentioned in the conjugation quizzes on the AR verbs, neither this quiz nor the other two ER future tense verb quizzes will lay out how each individual verb is conjugated in the future tense. You will, therefore, have to draw upon what you have learned thus far in the past about verbs.

TAKING THE QUIZ

The quiz contains ten quiz sentences. Within each sentence is an all capitalized base form verb. Your challenge is to find the future tense form of that verb. Remember, in order to find the correct form, you must pay attention to what the pronoun is that will be associated with the verb.

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  1. She BARRER the floors when she gets home from school.
    The verb barrer means to sweep. Now you need to make it a future tense verb. The pronoun she has been provided. The second answer reads: I will sweep. It is not a proper pronoun form needed here. The third answer shows a misspelling making it incorrect. The last answer is not a proper verb ending. The first answer reads: she will sweep. It is the proper pronoun verb form and the given sentence now reads as: She will sweep the floors when she gets home from school.
  2. The boys CAER if they don’t stop horsing around.
    The verb caer means to fall. Now you need to make it a future tense verb. To do that you need to determine which pronoun can replace the boys. That would be they or ellos. The first answer reads: we will fall. It is not the proper pronoun form needed here. The second and third answers are not proper verb forms. The last answer reads: they will fall. It is the proper pronoun verb form and the given sentence now reads as: The boys will fall if they don’t stop horsing around.
  3. Maddie and I COGER the last train.
    The verb coger means to catch. Now you need to make it a future tense verb. To do that you need to know which pronoun can replace Maddie and I. Because the pronoun 'I' is used, the pronoun will be 'we'. The first answer is not a proper future verb ending. The second answer reads: they will catch. That is not the proper pronoun form needed here. The last answer is a past tense verb form that reads: they caught. That is not correct. The third answer reads: we will catch. It is the proper pronoun verb form and the given sentence now reads as: Maddie and I will catch the last train.
  4. The weatherman said that it LLOVER by the end of the week.
    The verb llover means to rain. Now you need to make it a future tense verb. The indirect object pronoun 'it' has been provided. The first answer is a past tense verb form that reads: he/she/you [singular formal]/it will rain. That is not the correct verb tense. The third answer is a present tense verb form that reads: they/you [plural formal] rain. Again, it is not the correct verb tense. The last answer is the past tense verb form that reads: you [singular familiar] rained. That is incorrect. The second answer reads: it will rain. It is the proper pronoun verb form and the given sentence now reads as: The weatherman said that it will rain by the end of the week.
  5. The doctors EXCEDER their goal for seeing patients during the month.
    The verb exceder means to exceed. Now you need to make it a future tense verb. To do that you need to determine which pronoun can replace the doctors. That would be they or ellos. The first answer reads: he/she/you [singular formal]/it will exceed. It is not the proper pronoun form needed here. The second answer reads: we will exceed. That, too, is not the proper pronoun form needed. The third answer reads: you [singular familiar] will exceed. Once again, that is not the proper pronoun form needed here. The last answer reads: they will exceed. It is the proper pronoun verb form and the given sentence now reads as: The doctors will exceed their goal for seeing patients during the month.
  6. You ARDER if you stay in the sun much longer. (plural familiar)
    The verb arder means to burn. Now you need to make it a future tense verb. The pronoun 'you' [plural familiar] has been provided. The first answer reads: you [plural formal] will burn. The second answer reads: you [singular familiar] will burn, and the last answer reads: you [singular formal] will burn. Neither of these is the proper pronoun form needed here. The third answer reads: you [plural familiar] will burn. It is the proper pronoun verb form and the given sentence now reads as: You will burn if you stay in the sun much longer.
  7. I VENDER you my car.
    The verb vender means to sell. Now you need to make it a future tense verb. The pronoun 'I' has been provided for you. Neither the second, third nor last answers are proper verb forms. The first answer reads as: I will sell. It is the proper pronoun verb form and the given sentence now reads as: I will sell you my car.
  8. The bread ABSORBER the water.
    The verb absorber means to absorb. Now you need to make it a future tense verb. To do that you need to know which pronoun can replace the bread. That would be an indirect object pronoun or 'it'. The first answer is a past tense form that reads: they absorbed. That is not the proper verb form. The third answer is a present tense form that reads: he/she/you [singular formal]/it absorbs]. Again, that is not the correct verb tense. The last answer is another past tense verb form that reads: you [plural familiar] absorbed. It is not correct. The second answer reads: it will absorb. It is the proper pronoun verb form and the given sentence now reads as: The bread will absorb the water.
  9. You VER the keys on the table. (singular familiar)
    The verb ver means to see. Now you need to make it a future tense verb. The pronoun 'you' [singular familiar] has been provided for you. The first answer reads: you [singular formal] will see. It is not the proper pronoun form needed here. The second and third answers are not proper verb forms. The last answer reads: you [singular familiar] will see. It is the proper pronoun verb form and the given sentence now reads as: You will see the keys on the table.
  10. We APRENDER a new language.
    The verb aprender means to learn. Now you need to make it a future tense verb. The pronoun 'we' has been provided for you. The first answer is a present tense verb that reads: we learn. That is not the proper verb tense. The third answer is a past tense verb form that reads: we learned. That, too, is not the proper verb tense. The last answer is not a verb form. The second answer reads: we will learn. It is the proper pronoun verb form and the given sentence now reads as: We will learn a new language.

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