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Comprehension - Starting to Put Words Together

This Spanish Easy Review comprehension quiz looks at starting to put words together. At last learning some Spanish is finally starting to take shape! You have the vocabulary, you have the verbs, you have the pronouns, you have some adjectives and you have some understanding of sentence structure. Now it’s time to put all that together and make it all a little more meaningful. You will, however, have to be able to draw upon all that you have learned in order to tackle this quiz. If you have trouble in any area, this quiz will let you know where you need to go back and revisit subjects that you need a little more time to study.

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Areas to make certain you pay attention to with this quiz include spelling, accent marks, word order, gender and conjugation of verbs. If you miss an accent mark or have one included where it does not belong, the entire answer will be wrong. Therefore, do not rush through the quiz. Read each of the ten sentences carefully. Think about all of the words in that sentence and how they relate to each other. Finally, see if you can find the correct Spanish translation in one of the answers listed below the sentence.

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  1. The dog has two heads.
    Each answer has the correct translation for 'two heads' i.e. 'dos cabezas'. Each answer also has the correct verb conjugation for 'has'. That means you need to know the word for dog. The Spanish word for dog is perro which is a masculine word. The article 'the' must reflect the masculine word and the masculine article for 'the' is 'el'. This now tells us that the second answer is the correct Spanish translation of this sentence.
  2. It is Mary's dresser.
    Each answer has the correct translation for Marie i.e. María and the correct translation for dresser i.e. tocador. Now look at the verb. The sentence is telling you that the dresser belongs to Mary which means it is a possession. The Spanish verb 'to be' that is used with possession is 'ser'. This means that the first answer cannot be correct as it has used the Spanish 'to be' verb 'estar'. The first answer translates as 'The dresser is Mary.' That is clearly not the correct translation of our given sentence. The second answer translates as 'You is Mary dresser.' That is clearly not correct. The third answer translates as 'Mary is the dresser.' That too is not correct. The last answer translates as 'It is the dresser of Mary' and/or 'It is Mary’s dresser.'
  3. John and George are friends.
    Each answer has correctly translated John and George. As John and George are both male, 'friends' should reflect that they are male friends. The Spanish word for male friends is amigos. This means you can eliminate the first and last answers. The correct 'to be' verb has been used, however, the second answer translates as 'John and George is friends.' That is the improper conjugated form for this sentence. The third answer on the other hand translates as 'John and George are friends.'
  4. It is January.
    This might seem a little tricky at first as each answer does translate as 'It is January.' However, as January is a time, it is permanent so the correct 'to be' verb needs to be 'ser'. This now means that the second and third answers can be eliminated. Now the first and last answers look to be exactly the same but notice that in the first answer the month is capitalized whereas in the last answer it is not. In Spanish, unless the month is the first word in the sentence, months are NOT capitalized. Therefore, the first answer is not correct but the last answer is the correct Spanish translation of the given sentence.
  5. The teacher has twenty dresses. (Teacher is female.)
    Each answer has correctly translated the Spanish word for dresses. However, we know that the teacher is a female so the Spanish word should reflect that it is a female teacher. The Spanish word for a female teacher is profesora and the article 'the' needs to reflect that gender so it should read as 'la'. This now means that the second answer can be eliminated. The last answer has used the wrong conjugated form for 'she has'. The last answer translates as 'The teacher they have twenty dresses.' Clearly that is not the correct translation. The third answer does not show the correct order of words and the article 'de' (of) is not needed. It translates as 'The teacher has dresses of twenty.' It is an incorrect translation. The first answer is translated as 'The teacher has twenty dresses.' It is the correct Spanish translation of the given sentence.
  6. Mother is father's wife.
    Look at the verb first. A spouse would be considered permanent possession and not temporary possession. Therefore, the permanent verb for 'to be' must be used. The Spanish permanent verb 'to be' is 'ser'. This means that you can eliminate the third and last answers. The first answer translates as 'Father is mother’s husband.' The literal translation is 'Father is the husband/spouse of mother. The second answer translates as 'Mother is father’s wife.' The literal translation would be 'Mother is the wife of father.' As such, the second answer is correct.
  7. The boy eats corn. (Look very carefully at each of the answers.)
    Each answer has correctly translated eats. Now you must determine the correct Spanish word for boy. The Spanish word for boy is chico so you can eliminate the second and last answers because they say child. This now leaves the first and third answers which both look the same. There is one small difference. The Spanish word for corn is maíz. It contains an accent mark. The first answer does not have an accent mark so it is not correct. The third answer does show the complete correct Spanish translation of the given sentence.
  8. Uncle Joseph is here. (Once again, look closely at the answers.)
    First look at the verb. Will Uncle Joseph always be here? Most likely not so the 'to be' verb should be temporary. The temporary 'to be' verb is 'estar' which means each answer has used the correct verb and the correct conjugated form. Now look for the word for uncle. The Spanish word for uncle is Tío. This means that you can eliminate the first and last answers. The second and third answers look very similar except for accent marks. In this sentence, each word should contain an accent mark. The third answer shows no accent mark on two words so this sentence is not a correct translation. The second answer shows the correct Spanish translation for the given sentence.
  9. Edward fights with his sister.
    The first thing to notice in the answers is that the second and last answers did not translate Edward so they are not correct. Now determine the Spanish word for sister. The Spanish word for sister is hermana which means that the third answer is not correct. The first answer is the correct Spanish translation for this given sentence.
  10. The chair is peach.
    Each answer shows the correct translation for 'the chair is'. Now you need to determine the correct Spanish word that means peach. The Spanish word for peach is melocotón. The last answer is the correct Spanish translation.

Author: Christine G. Broome

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