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Grammar - Bring on the Conjunctions

This Spanish Easy Review quiz takes a look at conjunctions. In your English class you learned about conjunctions. Conjunctions are words (or a group of words) that are used to connect other words, phrases, clauses and sentences together. The words considered conjunctions are many but there are a few that are the most commonly and frequently used. These frequently used conjunction words are: and, but, because, or, neither, nor, so, thus, if and that.

Sometimes in Spanish more than one word is used to replace a conjunction if the preceding or next word begins or ends with a vowel. Below is a brief listing of conjunction words and how they are used and rules that apply to when and how to use the proper conjunction.

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Spanish Conjunctions English Equivalent How It Is Pronounced And/Or How It Is Used And/Or Its Rule
y, e and The 'y' is pronounced as as a long 'e' while 'e' is pronounced as a long 'a'. He bought bread and milk. In Spanish the 'y' is mostly used unless the word that follows it starts with an 'i'. If the word that follows starts with an 'i' then 'e' is used in place of the 'y'.
o, u or The 'o' is pronounced as a short 'o' such as in the word hot' while 'u' is pronounced as 'oo' as in boo. Milk or cream? In Spanish the 'o' is mostly used unless the word that follows it starts with an 'o'. If the word starts with an 'o' then the 'u' is used in place of the 'o'.
pero but In Spanish, pero is used as in 'The car was broken but he could fix it.'
ni neither, nor In Spanish, 'ni' is used to mean both 'neither' and 'nor'. 'He was neither bright nor stupid.'
porque because Pronounced as 'poor-kay'. In Spanish, 'porque' is used as in 'She went to bed early because she was tired.'
pues thus, so Pronounced as 'pews'. In Spanish, 'pues' is used as in 'She asked for me so here I am.' 'I was the tallest, thus I had to go first.'
si if Pronounced as 'see'. In Spanish, the word 'si' is not always written or spoken but is more understood. However, there are times when it is used. When used, 'si' does NOT have an accent mark as in the Spanish word s¨ª (with an accent mark) which means 'yes'.
que that Pronounced as 'kay'. In Spanish, the conjunction 'que' is followed by a verb such as in 'I hope that he arrives soon.'

Since you have not yet begun speaking any Spanish, learning these conjunctions might be a little tricky but soon they will become more comfortable and, in time, even natural. For now, just take the time to become familiar with them, their pronunciations and their rules (when appropriate). Once you feel comfortable enough, then proceed and take the following quiz on Spanish conjunctions.

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  1. I would go with you BUT I have another engagement to attend. Which Spanish conjunction below means BUT?
    The Spanish conjunction that means 'but' is 'pero'.
  2. NEITHER Michael NOR Derrick have enough points to win. Which Spanish conjunction below means NEITHER and NOR?
    The Spanish conjunction that means both 'neither' and 'nor' is 'ni'.
  3. I would like to buy a soda AND a candy bar. Which Spanish conjunction below means AND?
    The Spanish conjunction that means 'and' is 'y'.
  4. I want you to have this BECAUSE I love you. Which Spanish conjunction below means BECAUSE?
    The Spanish conjunction that means 'because' is 'porque'.
  5. I think THAT he is here! Which Spanish conjunction below means THAT?
    The Spanish conjunction that means 'that' is 'que'.
  6. Do you want to give the presentation OR do you want me to give it? Which Spanish conjunction below means OR?
    The Spanish conjunction that means 'or' is 'o'.
  7. I will go IF you really want me to go. Which Spanish conjunction below means IF?
    The first answer is the word yes in Spanish so it is not even a conjunction. On the other hand, the last answer 'si' is the correct Spanish conjunction for 'if'.
  8. Jack did not study for his science test, THUS he was totally unprepared. Which Spanish conjunction below means THUS?
    The Spanish conjunction that means 'thus' is 'pues'.
  9. Which Spanish conjunction below is not always written or spoken but is more understood?
    The Spanish conjunction that is not always written or spoken but is more understood is the Spanish word 'si' which means 'if'.
  10. If the Spanish conjunction for the word 'and' comes before another Spanish word that begins with the letter 'i' it is written as ____?
    If the Spanish conjunction for the word 'and' comes before another Spanish word that begins with an 'i' then 'e' is used instead of the customary 'y'.

Author: Christine G. Broome

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