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Grammar - Conjugating ER Verbs - Present Tense (2)

This Spanish Easy Review grammar quiz is part 2 of conjugating ER verbs. If you have not already done so, now would be the time to check out the Spanish Easy Review Conjugating AR Verbs - Present Tense (1), Conjugating AR Verbs - Present Tense (2) and Conjugating ER Verbs - Present Tense (1) quizzes as they will explain and show you what conjugating a verb is and how it is done. As a reminder, the ER present tense regular verb endings are: o, es, e, emos, éis, en.

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Drawing on what you have learned in the conjugating quizzes referenced above, you will now go straight into the quiz section. Remember to focus on the pronouns given. There are ten present tense verbs given in English. Using those verbs along with their pronoun, locate the correct Spanish verb and pronoun that will match.

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  1. they believe (women)
    The first step is to determine the correct pronoun. The Spanish pronoun for 'they' when they are all women (i.e., feminine) is 'ellas'. This means you can eliminate the first, third and last answers. The second answer does show the correct pronoun, gender and present tense form of the verb for 'they believe'.
  2. you promise (sons)
    First determine which pronoun should be used. Here we have the pronoun of 'you' and that 'you' refers to sons. As there is more than one son we know we need to use a plural form of the pronoun. In addition, as the word sons refers to people who are familiar, we need to use the plural, familiar form of the pronoun 'you'. As the word sons refers to males, we also need the masculine form of the pronoun. The plural, familiar, masculine Spanish pronoun for 'you' is 'vosotros'. This then gives you the translation of 'vosotros prometéis'.
  3. you lick (customer)
    The first thing to look at is the pronoun. The Spanish pronoun for 'you' when it refers to a customer would be singular and formal as opposed to familiar. The singular, formal version of 'you' is 'usted'. This means that the second, third and last answers are not correct translations. The correct pronoun and present tense form translation would be 'usted lame'.
  4. we understand (students)
    The first task to address here is to determine which Spanish pronoun should be used. As the pronoun 'we' is shown and the hint of 'students' is given. We do not know, however, if 'we' is for all boys, all girls or both. Whenever you do not know, you should always use the masculine form. Therefore, the plural, masculine form of the Spanish pronoun of 'we' is 'nosotros'. You can now eliminate any feminine pronouns. Also note that with the first and second answer, the improper verb endings have been added. These verb endings would be for 'ar' verbs and not 'er' verbs. Always pay attention to the verb endings to make certain they are the correct endings. As we can now eliminate the first and second for having the wrong verb endings and the third answer for the wrong gender form, that leaves us with the last answer which is translated into Spanish as: 'nosostros comprendemos'.
  5. I sweep
    The quickest way to find the answer is to determine the right Spanish pronoun form for 'I'. That would be the pronoun 'yo'. Now you can quickly eliminate the first, second and last answers. The correct pronoun and present tense form of the given verb is: 'yo barro'.
  6. they absorb (friends)
    The first step is to determine the correct pronoun. The pronoun shown is 'they' which refers to friends and as there is more than one friend, we know the pronoun needs to be plural. As we do not know if the friends are all boys, all girls or both, we use the masculine form of the pronoun. The plural, masculine Spanish pronoun for 'they' is 'ellos'. This means you can eliminate the second, third and last answers. The correct pronoun and present tense form of the given verb is: 'ellos absorben' .
  7. you catch (daughter)
    The first thing to do is to check out the pronoun. The pronoun for 'you' when 'you' is a daughter means that the person is a feminine, familiar person. The Spanish pronoun for a familiar 'you' person is 'tú'. This means that the first, third and last answers are each incorrect. The correct pronoun and present tense form of the given verb is: 'tú coges'.
  8. she drinks
    First determine what the pronoun should be. It is clearly shown to be 'she'. The Spanish pronoun for 'she' is 'ella'. This means that the first, second and third answers are each incorrect. The correct present tense form of the given verb is: 'ella bebe'.
  9. he learns
    The first thing to look at is the pronoun. The pronoun given is the word 'he'. In Spanish, 'he' is 'él'. This tells us that the second and last answers are incorrect. The first answer has the wrong verb tense ending for an 'er' verb so it, too, is not correct. The correct conjugated present tense form of the given verb is: 'él aprende'.
  10. you fit (cub scouts)
    The first thing to look at is the pronoun. The Spanish pronoun for 'you' when it refers to cub scouts would be plural and formal as opposed to familiar. Cub scouts is also all boys. The plural formal version of 'you' is 'ustedes'. This means that the second, third and last answers are not correct. The correct pronoun and present tense form of the give verb is: 'ustedes caben'.

Author: Christine G. Broome

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