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Grammar - Conjugating IR Verbs - Present Tense (1)

This Spanish Easy Review grammar quiz will test you on conjugating IR verbs in the present tense. Spanish as you know has three different types or forms of verbs. These include verbs that end in ar, er and ir. A series of quizzes have been set up for you to review each of these different types of verbs and how to conjugate each type in the present tense. Remember, conjugating means to break the verb down in parts to form the correct verb spelling that goes along with the correct pronoun (I, you, he, she, we, they).

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In the Spanish Easy Review Conjugating AR Verbs - Present Tense (1) and Conjugating ER Verbs - Present Tense (1) you learned that in order to conjugate a verb, you take the base form of the verb, such as hablar (to speak) and then drop the ar. What remains is habl. To that you add the present tense regular verb endings. For ar verbs the endings were - o, as, a, amos, áis, an - and for the er verbs the endings were o, es, e, emos, éis, en. Now we are going to learn the endings for ir verbs. Let’s conjugate the verb vivir (to live).

Pronoun Present Tense English Meaning
yo vivo I live
vives you live (familiar)
usted vive you live (formal)
él vive he lives
ella vive she lives
nosotros/as vivimos we live (note the masculine and feminine forms)
vosotros/as vivís you live (plural – familiar)
ustedes viven you live (plural – formal)
ellos/ellas viven they live (note the masculine and feminine forms)

As you can see, the ir present tense verb endings are o, es, e, imos, ís, en. This means that ir verbs are very much like er verbs except when it comes to the pronouns 'we' and the plural, familiar 'you'. It is a very minor difference but it makes a big difference in saying the words correctly and spelling the words correctly.

Now that you have had a chance to see an example of how to conjugate an ir verb, it is time to move onto the quiz section. The quiz contains ten present tense regular verbs along with a pronoun. From the answers provided, locate the Spanish present tense verb and pronoun that will match.

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  1. she opens
    First determine what the pronoun should be. The Spanish pronoun for 'she' is ella. This means that the first, second and last answers are each incorrect. The third answer shows the correct pronoun as well as the correct present tense of the verb 'she opens'.
  2. you admit (family)
    First determine which pronoun should be used. Here we have the pronoun 'you' and 'you' refers to family. A family would be plural and they are also familiar. It is also easily assumed that the family is composed of both males and females so we must use the masculine form of the pronoun. The Spanish plural, familiar, masculine pronoun for 'you' is vosotros. This means that the first and third answers can be eliminated because they are showing the feminine form of the pronoun. The first and last answers have both used the improper verb endings for this verb as it is an ir verb. The Spanish verb for admit is admitir. The first and last answers have conjugated the verb using the er verb endings. That leaves the second answer as it shows the correct pronoun and present tense form of the verb 'you admit'.
  3. we assist (girls)
    First look at the pronoun. The pronoun here is 'we' and we know it means all girls. The Spanish pronoun for 'we' when it is all girls is nosotras. This means that the first, second and third answers are each incorrect. The last answer, however, shows the correct pronoun and the correct present tense of the verb 'we assist'.
  4. you divide (crossing guard)
    The first thing to look at is the pronoun. The Spanish pronoun for 'you' when it refers to a crossing guard would be singular and formal as opposed to familiar. The singular, formal version of 'you' is usted. This means that the second, third and last answers are not correct. The first answer on the other hand has the correct pronoun and present tense form of the verb 'you divide'.
  5. they permit
    The first step is to determine the correct pronoun. In this case the pronoun is 'they' and since we do not know whether 'they' refers to all boys, all girls or both, we use the masculine form of the pronoun which is ellos. This means you can eliminate the second, third and last answers. Note that the last answer has also used the wrong conjugated ending for this ir verb. It has used the ending for an ar verb. The first answer does show the correct pronoun and present tense of the verb 'they permit'.
  6. he transmits
    The first thing to look at is the pronoun. The word 'he' is the pronoun and 'he' in Spanish is él. This tells us that the first and third answers are incorrect. In addition, the first and last answers have used the wrong endings for an ir verb. The endings for an ar verb have been used making them both incorrect. The second answer has the correct pronoun and the correct conjugated present tense form of the verb for 'he transmits'.
  7. I unite
    The quickest way to find the answer is to determine the right pronoun. The Spanish pronoun for 'I' is yo. Now you can quickly eliminate the first, third and last answers. The second answer shows the correct pronoun and present tense form of the verb 'I unite'.
  8. We abolish (Sons of Liberty)
    First look at the pronoun. The pronoun here is 'we' and we know in this case it is referring to all males at it is the Sons of Liberty. The Spanish pronoun for 'we' when it is all males is nosotros. This means that the first, second and last answers are each incorrect. The third answer, however, shows the correct pronoun and the correct present tense of the verb 'we abolish'.
  9. they consume (girl scout troop)
    The first step is to determine the correct pronoun. The Spanish pronoun for 'they' when they are all girls (feminine) is ellas. This means you can eliminate the third and last answers as the pronouns are masculine and the second answer is a feminine, singular pronoun. The first answer shows the correct pronoun and present tense of the verb 'they consume'.
  10. you assume (uncle)
    The first thing to do is to check out the pronoun. The pronoun for 'you' when 'you' is an uncle means that the person is a familiar person. The Spanish pronoun for a familiar 'you' person is tú. This means that the first, second and third answers are each incorrect leaving the last answer which does show the correct pronoun and present tense form of the verb 'you assume'.

Author: Christine G. Broome

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