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Grammar - Greetings!

This Spanish Easy Review grammar quiz takes a look at greetings. What are greetings? Greetings are verbal and non-verbal communications exchanged between people when they meet. Part of the greeting is the 'hello', part is the response given to the hello and part is the ending of the greeting when people go their separate ways or say their 'good-bye'. Just as in English we say - hi, hello, how are you, how have you been, how do you feel, what’s been happening, etc., so too in Spanish are there methods of greeting someone and ways to respond to those greetings. In addition, there are also several ways to say good-bye.

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As you advance in your Spanish classes, your greetings vocabulary and understanding of the language will increase to a point that you will be able to greet and answer in many more ways. For now, let’s focus on learning some of the following basic greetings.

Hello Greetings

English Spanish Pronounced (Phonetically) As
hi, hello, howdy hola ō-lă (the 'h' is silent)
good afternoon buenas tardes bwain-ăs tăr-děs
welcome bienvenido (male) bē-ěn-věn-ē-dō
welcome bienvenida (female) bē-ěn-věn-ē-dă
What’s up - or what’s happening qué tal kāy-tăl
How are you cómo está cō-mō ěs-tăh (Note that the first 'o' has an accent mark. This means that the first 'o' gets a stronger sound to it than the second 'o' even though they both have a long 'o' sound.)

Good-bye Greetings

English Spanish Pronounced (Phonetically) As
good-bye adiós ă-dē-ōse
good-day buen día bwain dē-ă
good-night buenas noches bwain-ăs nō-chěz
see you later or until later hasta luego ă-stă lew-ā-gō
see you soon hasta la vista ă-stă lă vē-stă
until tomorrow hasta mañana ă-stă mă-nnă-nă (Note the tilde over the 'n' gives you a nasal sound.)

Simple Responses to Greetings

English Spanish Pronounced (Phonetically) As
well, okay, alright and fine bien bē-ěn
good bueno (male) bwain-ō
good buena (female) bwain-ă
bad mal măl
rotten, wicked malo (male) măl-ō
rotten, wicked mala (female) măl-ă
happy feliz fāy-lēz
OK vale (note that this response is generally only used in Spain) văl-ā

Practice always makes perfect so the more you practice these geetings, the more perfect you will be able to speak and say them later on. Now, if you believe you are ready, then move on to the quiz questions and see how well you can do on your Spanish greetings!

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  1. GOOD AFTERNOON! Can you help me? Which words below are Spanish for the capitalized words?
    The Spanish word for good is bueno so this tells us that the first answer is not correct. Noches means night and día means day. That leaves us with the last answer which is Spanish for good afternoon.
  2. I am very HAPPY, thank you. Which word below is Spanish for the capitalized word?
    The Spanish word for happy is feliz.
  3. WELCOME to Spanish Easy Review! Which word below is Spanish for the capitalized word?
    From the sentence we cannot tell if a male or a female is being greeted. When you are unsure of the gender you use the male form of the word. The Spanish word for welcome for a male or unknown is bienvenido.
  4. Janet said that she feels really ROTTEN this morning. Which word below is Spanish for the capitalized word?
    As we know that Janet is female we need to look for a female/feminine word or a neutral word. The first answer is a masculine word so we can quickly dismiss it. The second answer is Spanish for bad while the third answer is Spanish for OK. Remember that vale is generally only used in Spain though, on occasion you might hear it elsewhere. The last answer is Spanish for rotten and it is the female/feminine version of the word.
  5. HOW ARE YOU this morning? Which words below are Spanish for the capitalized words?
    To find the correct answer here you need to pay attention to how words are spelled and whether or not they have accent marks. The answer we need must have accent marks so we can eliminate both the first and last answers. The Spanish words for how are you are cómo está.
  6. HI there! What is your name? Which word below is Spanish for the capitalized word?
    The Spanish word for hi is hola. Remember that the 'h' is silent when the word is spoken.
  7. I will SEE YOU SOON! Which words below are Spanish for the capitalized words?
    The way to say see you soon in Spanish is hasta la vista.
  8. She felt GOOD to be home! Which word below is Spanish for the capitalized word?
    This can be a little tricky. Note that the sentence states: She felt GOOD. Even though it is stated this way, we are talking about her feelings. A better way might be to have said: She felt WELL. If, on the other hand, you were to say: She is GOOD, then you would be describing her characteristics, not her feelings. The first and second answers both mean good but they are adjectives that describe a person, place or thing and not feelings. The last answer means until so it can quickly be eliminated. As he felt WELL, the correct word to use would be bien.
  9. He always says GOODNIGHT to the children before leaving for work. Which words below are Spanish for the capitalized word?
    To find the right answer here you will need to know how the word(s) is spelled. Bien means 'well' not 'good' so it is not correct and the second answer is an incorrect use of the word bien. Remember that in Spanish words are masculine or feminine. The word night is a feminine word so we need to find the feminine phrase. As buenos is the male form of good it is being used incorrectly here. However, the last answer shows the correct Spanish words for goodnight.
  10. Hey, WHAT'S UP with you these days? Which words below are Spanish for the capitalized words?
    The Spanish words for saying what’s up are qué tal.

Author: Christine G. Broome

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