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Math - Counting 11 to 20!

In this Easy Review math quiz we will be continuing on with how to count in Spanish, specifically from numbers 11 through 20. You will quickly see that starting in this series of numbers, you will start to have to apply conjunctions. For example, in English we would say the number 'sixteen' but in Spanish it is said as 'ten and six'. In fact, the number 'sixteen', and others, can be said two different ways but that will be addressed further on below. As you will have to start using the conjunction 'and', i.e. 'y', if you have not already done so, you might want to check out the Spanish Easy Review quiz titled Grammar - Bring On the Conjunctions! as it covers some of the more commonly used conjunctions.

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Do you remember how to say the numbers 0 through 10 in Spanish? If not, you might also want to check out the Spanish Easy Review quiz titled Math - Counting 0 to 10, otherwise, let’s move on to numbers 11 through 20 as follows:

Number English Spanish Pronounced As:
11 eleven once ōn-say
12 twelve doce dō-say
13 thirteen trece trě-say
14 fourteen catorce căr-tor-say
15 fifteen quince keen-say
16 sixteen diez y seis or dieciséis dee-ěz-ē-sěs or dee-see-sěs
17 seventeen diez y siete or diecisiete dee-ěz-ē-see-et-ā or dee-see-see-et-ā
18 eighteen diez y ocho or dieciocho dee-ěz-ē-ō-chō or dee-see-ō-chō
19 nineteen diez y nueve or diecinueve dee-ěz-ē-new-ěv-ā or dee-see-new-ěv-ā
20 twenty veinte vein-tay (or in some Spanish countries it would be pronounced as bain-tay)

Did you notice how sixteen, seventeen, eighteen and nineteen can be said two different ways? The pronunciation is very similar for both, however, when you combine the words into one word, the 'z' in the number 'diez' becomes a 'c' and the 'y' becomes an 'i'. When you speak 'diez y siete' a person will be able to hear each syllable and there is more emphasis put on the 'y' sound. When the words are combined, the 'i' has a softer sound and the word rolls together in such a way that you cannot clearly hear the syllables. It is rather like in English math you could say: 4 goes into 8 or when we run that together it sounds more like: 4 gozinta 8. The same sounds are there but have a slightly different emphasis on the letters. Both versions of the numbers are used so it is important be become comfortable saying the numbers both ways. Also note that the number 20 can be pronounced two different ways. For this series of quizzes we will be using the 'v' sound but please be aware that you could hear others speak it with the 'b' sound.

One final note, with the number sixteen, diez y seis becomes dieciséis. Notice that an accent mark has been placed about the 'e' in 'seis'. This is done so that the 'seis' does not get washed into the 'ci' before it. Without the accent mark it would be pronounced as dee-sees. The accent mark makes certain that the 'seis' remains distinct in the sound.

Now, do you feel comfortable with the numbers 11 through 20? If so, then it is time to begin the quiz!

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  1. Quince is Spanish for the number ____.
    Quince is Spanish for the number 15.
  2. Diecinueve is Spanish for the number ____.
    Diecinueve is Spanish for the number 19.
  3. Catorce is Spanish for the number ____.
    Catorce is Spanish for the number 14.
  4. Once is Spanish for the number ____.
    Once is Spanish for the number 11.
  5. Veinte is Spanish for the number ____.
    Veinte is Spanish for the number 20.
  6. Twelve in Spanish is ____.
    Twelve in Spanish is doce.
  7. Eighteen in Spanish is ____.
    Eighteen in Spanish is diez y ocho.
  8. Thirteen in Spanish is ____.
    Thirteen in Spanish is trece.
  9. Sixteen in Spanish is ____.
    Sixteen in Spanish is diez y seis.
  10. Seventeen in Spanish is ____.
    Seventeen in Spanish is diecisiete.

Author: Christine G. Broome

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