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Vocabulary - Emotions, Feelings and Behaviors

This Spanish Easy Review vocabulary quiz takes a look at emotions, feelings and behaviors. It is human nature to feel all kinds of different emotions and we often act upon those emotions. Our actions reflect our behavior. We can be happy, sad, lonely, excited, angry, grateful and on and on. We know how to express these feelings in English so now it is time to start learning how to express those emotions in Spanish. There is a long list of emotions and behaviors but for now, we’ll focus on a select few. One thing to remember is that emotions and feelings are often used as either adjectives or verbs.

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In this quiz, they will be used solely as adjectives. Remember, as an adjective, the word will take on either a masculine form or a feminine form depending upon the noun it will be associated with. There are always exceptions to the rule which you will see in the list. Now, your new Spanish vocabulary list that expresses emotions is as follows.

English Spanish Pronounced (Phonetically) As
afraid / fear asustado ă-sū-stă-dō (same with both male and female)
angry enfadado / a ěn-fă-dă-dō / ěn-fă-dă-dă
excited emocionado / a ā-mō-sē-on-ă-dō / ā-mō-sē-on-ă-dă
fearful temeroso / a tā-māy-rō-sō / tā-māy-rō-să
bitter amargado / a ă-măr-gā-dō / ă-măr-gă-dă
grateful agradecido / a ă-gră-dāy-sē-dō / ă-gră-dāy-sē-dă
happy feliz fāy-lēz (same with both male and female)
kind amable ă-mă-blāy (same with both male and female)
lonely solitario / a sō-lē-tăr-ē-ō / sō-lē-tăr-ē-ă
nervous nervioso / a něr-vē-ō-sō / něr-vē-ō-să
relief (el) alivio ă-lē-vē-ō (same with both male and female)
sad triste trē-stāy (same with both male and female)
sick enfermo / a ěn-fěr-mō / ěn-fěr-mă
tired cansado / a cărn-să-dō / cărn-să-dă
unhappy infeliz ēn- fāy-lēz (same with both male and female)

There are some very big words here so take your time in getting to know them. Practice saying them out loud using the phonetic pronunciation so that you can hear how they sound. The one easy thing here is that there isn’t a single new emotion/feeling word that contains an accent mark! What a relief! Ahh, that’s one of your new feeling words!

When you believe you can remember the Spanish word for each emotion, move on to the quiz section. There are ten emotions that are stated and your task is to find the correct emotion as it is translated in Spanish.

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  1. They are HAPPY!
    The Spanish word for happy is feliz which means that the second answer is not correct. One thing that you must remember to find the correct answer is to know the pronoun. Here the pronoun is 'they' which means there is more than one person who is happy. This means that the adjective must also become plural. Did you then remember the rule about words that end in 'z'? When a word ends in 'z' and must be made plural, the 'z' is replaced with a 'c'. The first answer does not follow this rule so it is not correct and the third answer has remained singular. The last answer, on the other hand, does translate the plural 'happy' correctly.
  2. She is NERVOUS.
    Looking at the pronoun here we see that it is 'she' and 'she' is feminine. Therefore, the adjective must show the feminine form. This means that the third and last answers can be eliminated as they show the masculine form. The Spanish word for nervous is nerviosa which means that the second answer is spelled wrong (as was the last answer).
  3. Grandfather is ANGRY.
    One of the things you learned for this quiz is that none of these feeling/emotion words have any accent marks. This then means that the first and third answers can be eliminated because they both show an accent mark. Next look for what the pronoun would be. The noun grandfather would be a 'he' which means you are looking for the masculine form of the word. The Spanish word for angry is enfadado.
  4. She is GRATEFUL.
    One of the things you learned in this quiz is that none of these feeling/emotion words have any accent marks. The first and last answers show an accent mark which means they can be eliminated. As the sentence states 'she' then the feeling will need to be in the feminine form. The second answer shows the masculine form so it can be eliminated. The feminine word for 'grateful' is 'agradecida'.
  5. My teacher is KIND.
    In this series of feeling/emotion words, none of the words contain an accent mark. This then tells you that the last answer can be eliminated as it contains an accent mark. The Spanish word for kind is a neutral word which means it does not change its form to match a gender. The first and third answers show gender forms so they can be eliminated. The Spanish word for kind is amable.
  6. William is EXCITED!
    In this series of feeling/emotion words, none of the words contain an accent mark. This then tells you that the last answer can be eliminated as it contains an accent mark. Next look at what would be the pronoun. As William is a 'he' you will need to find the masculine form of the adjective for excited. The second answer shows the feminine form so it, too, can be eliminated. The Spanish word for excited is emocionado. The third answer has misspelled this word making it the wrong answer.
  7. The baby is TIRED.
    In this sentence there is only one baby which means that the adjective will also be in the singular form. This now means that the first and last answers can be eliminated as they show the plural form. At this point you do not know if the baby is a boy or a girl. When you do not know, you always use the masculine form. This means that the second answer can now be eliminated as it shows the feminine form.
  8. Janet is SICK.
    Janet is only one person so the adjective should reflect the singular form. This means that the last answer can be eliminated as it shows the plural form. You also know that none of the feeling/emotion words in this quiz contain an accent mark so you can also eliminate the third answer. Janet is a female so you will need to use the feminine form of the word which means you can now eliminate the first answer as it shows the masculine form.
  9. He is very BITTER.
    The first thing to look at here is the pronoun which is 'he'. As 'he' is masculine, the adjective will also be masculine. The first and third answers are misspelled and the second answer shows the feminine form of the word. Therefore, the masculine form for bitter in this sentence would be 'armargado'.
  10. I am LONELY.
    In this series of feeling/emotion words, none of the words contain an accent mark. This then tells you that the second and last answers can be eliminated as they contain an accent mark. At this point you do not know if the pronoun 'I' refers to a male or a female. When you do not know, you use the masculine form. This means that the third answer can be eliminated as it shows the feminine form.

Author: Christine G. Broome

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