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Grammar - Conjugating AR Verbs in the Past Tense

This Spanish Medium Review quiz will introduce you to conjugating AR verbs in the past tense. The past tense in Spanish is stated as the pretérito tense. If you have not already done so, please check out the Spanish Medium Review titled Grammar: Learning to Conjugate in the Past Tense as that quiz will provide you with a little more detailed information regarding conjugating verbs in the past tense.

In the quiz Grammar: Learning to Conjugate in the Past Tense you learned the past tense endings for AR, ER and IR verbs. You also only worked on regular verbs. As you know, however, Spanish has both regular verbs and irregular verbs. What you may not know is that some verbs can be regular in the present tense and then irregular in the past tense. Now isn’t that going to be mighty confusing?

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Because verbs can change from regular to irregular verbs depending upon the tense they are being conjugated in, many of the introductions in the Spanish Medium Review quizzes will provide you with the verb’s complete conjugated forms. This will only be provided once, however, so you will really need to pay close attention to them and practice, not only using the verb, but seeing it and spelling it. The more you learn how to use your verbs, the easier their correct spellings with the correct verb tenses will become. Now let’s look at the following AR verbs, both in their present tense form and in their past tense form.

AMAR (to love)

  • Present Tense: (yo) amo; (tú) amas; (él/ella/usted/lo) ama; (nosotros/as) amamos; (vosotros/as) amáis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) aman
  • Past Tense: (yo) amé; (tú) amaste; (él/ella/usted/lo) amó; (nosotros/as) amamos; (vosotros/as) amasteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) amaron

BESAR (to kiss)

  • Present Tense: (yo) beso; (tú) besas; (él/ella/usted/lo) besa; (nosotros/as) besamos; (vosotros/as) besáis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) besan
  • Past Tense: (yo) besé; (tú) besaste; (él/ella/usted/lo) besó; (nosotros/as) besamos; (vosotros/as) besasteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) besaron

GUSTAR (to like)

  • Present Tense: (yo) gusto; (tú) gustas; (él/ella/usted/lo) gusta; (nosotros/as) gustamos; (vosotros/as) gustáis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) gustan
  • Past Tense: (yo) gusté; (tú) gustaste; (él/ella/usted/lo) gustó; (nosotros/as) gustamos; (vosotros/as) gustasteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) gustaron

SENTAR (to sit) (irregular in present / regular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) siento; (tú) sientas; (él/ella/usted/lo) sienta; (nosotros/as) sentamos; (vosotros/as) sentáis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) sientan
  • Past Tense: (yo) senté; (tú) sentaste; (él/ella/usted/lo) sentó; (nosotros/as) sentamos; (vosotros/as) sentasteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) sentaron

CONGELAR (to freeze)

  • Present Tense: (yo) congelo; (tú) congelas; (él/ella/usted/lo) congela; (nosotros/as) congelamos; (vosotros/as) congeláis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) congelan
  • Past Tense: (yo) congelé; (tú) congelaste; (él/ella/usted/lo) congeló; (nosotros/as) congelamos; (vosotros/as) congelasteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) congelaron

ENCONTRAR (to find) (irregular in present / regular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) encuentro; (tú) encuentras; (él/ella/usted/lo) encuentra; (nosotros/as) encontramos; (vosotros/as) encontráis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) encuentran
  • Past Tense: (yo) encontré; (tú) encontraste; (él/ella/usted/lo) encontró; (nosotros/as) encontramos; (vosotros/as) encontrasteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) encontraron

VOLAR (to fly) (irregular in present / regular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) vuelo; (tú) vuelas; (él/ella/usted/lo) vuela; (nosotros/as) volamos; (vosotros/as) voláis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) vuelan
  • Past Tense: (yo) volé; (tú) volaste; (él/ella/usted/lo) voló; (nosotros/as) volamos; (vosotros/as) volasteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) volaron

CAMINAR (to walk)

  • Present Tense: (yo) camino; (tú) caminas; (él/ella/usted/lo) camina; (nosotros/as) caminamos; (vosotros/as) camináis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) caminan
  • Past Tense: (yo) caminé; (tú) caminaste; (él/ella/usted/lo) caminó; (nosotros/as) caminamos; (vosotros/as) caminasteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) caminaron

LLAMAR (to call)

  • Present Tense: (yo) llamo; (tú) llamas; (él/ella/usted/lo) llama; (nosotros/as) llamamos; (vosotros/as) llamáis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) llaman
  • Past Tense: (yo) llamé; (tú) llamaste; (él/ella/usted/lo) llamó; (nosotros/as) llamamos; (vosotros/as) llamasteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) llamaron

DEJAR (to leave)

  • Present Tense: (yo) dejo; (tú) dejas; (él/ella/usted/lo) deja; (nosotros/as) dejamos; (vosotros/as) dejáis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) dejan
  • Past Tense: (yo) dejé; (tú) dejaste; (él/ella/usted/lo) dejó; (nosotros/as) dejamos; (vosotros/as) dejasteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) dejaron

PENSAR (to think) (irregular in present / regular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) pienso; (tú) piensas; (él/ella/usted/lo) piensa; (nosotros/as) pensamos; (vosotros/as) pensáis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) piensan
  • Past Tense: (yo) pensé; (tú) pensaste; (él/ella/usted/lo) pensó; (nosotros/as) pensamos; (vosotros/as) pensasteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) pensaron

LANZAR (to throw) (regular in present / irregular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) lanzo; (tú) lanzas; (él/ella/usted/lo) lanza; (nosotros/as) lanzamos; (vosotros/as) lanzáis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) lanzan
  • Past Tense: (yo) lancé; (tú) lanzaste; (él/ella/usted/lo) lanzó; (nosotros/as) lanzamos; (vosotros/as) lanzasteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) lanzaron

Did you notice that lanzar is irregular in the past tense but only with the pronoun of 'I'. Instead of lanzé the 'z' is changed to a 'c'. This connects back to the rule about when a noun ends with the letter 'z' it is changed to a 'c' when adding 'es'. You are not adding 'es' but rather an 'é' so the same rule applies with verbs when an 'e' ending is added to the base when it ends with the letter 'z'.

THE ACCENT MARK WITH VERBS

Now that you are learning the past tense you can once again see the importance of the accent mark. To say 'hablo' means 'I speak' but to say 'habló' with the accent mark above the 'o' it then means 'he/she/you/it spoke'. That little, teeny mark makes a huge difference!

The Quiz!

You have now reached the quiz section. This quiz will only focus on the AR verbs listed in the introduction. Read each quiz question and then see if you can quickly locate the correct answer. Be sure to study the conjugated forms of these AR verbs carefully, including when they are regular or irregular. When you feel comfortable, begin the quiz!

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  1. What is the plural familiar past tense of sentar?
    The plural familiar past tense of sentar (to sit) would mean you sat. In Spanish that would be sentasteis.
  2. What does the Spanish word volaron mean in English?
    The Spanish word volaron comes from the verb volar. It means to fly. Volaron is the past tense of the verb and means they flew.
  3. What does the Spanish word pensé mean in English?
    The Spanish word pensé comes from the verb pensar. It means to think. Pensé is the past tense of the verb and means I thought.
  4. How would you conjugate the verb dejar in the past tense using the pronoun we?
    The past tense of the verb dejar (to leave) when conjugated with the pronoun for we would be dejamos. This is conjugated the same in both the present and past tense for AR verbs.
  5. How would you conjugate the verb encontrar in the past tense using the pronoun I?
    The past tense of the verb encontrar (to find) when conjugated with the pronoun of I would be encontré.
  6. What is the singular familiar past tense of gustar?
    The singular familiar past tense of gustar (to like) would mean you liked. In Spanish that would be gustaste.
  7. What does the Spanish word lanzamos mean in English?
    The Spanish word lanzamos comes from the verb lanzar. It means to throw. Lanzamos is the past tense of the verb and means we threw. It could also me we throw in the present tense.
  8. What does the Spanish word llamasteis mean in English?
    The Spanish word llamasteis comes from the verb llamar. It means to call. Llamasteis is the past tense of the verb and means you called (plural familiar).
  9. How would you conjugate the verb amar in the past tense using the pronoun they?
    The past tense of the verb amar (to love) when conjugated with the pronoun they would be amaron.
  10. How would you conjugate the verb congelar in the past tense using the direct object pronoun it?
    The past tense of the verb congelar (to freeze) when conjugated with the direct object pronoun of it would be congeló.

Author: Christine G. Broome

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