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Grammar - Conjugating IR Verbs in the Past Tense

This Spanish Medium Review quiz will introduce you to conjugating IR verbs in the past tense. If you have been going through these quizzes in order you will have already learned how to conjugate AR and ER verbs in the past tense. You have also come to learn that verbs can be both regular verbs and irregular verbs. This holds true for IR verbs as well. Learning verbs and their conjugations takes a lot of practice and it takes time so try not to get discouraged. There will come a time when it all becomes as natural to you as it does in English.

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If you have not already taken the previous quizzes, please check them out now. Those quizzes are the Spanish Medium Review quizzes titled Grammar: Conjugating AR Verbs in the Past Tense! and Grammar: Conjugating ER Verbs in the Past Tense! To review even further, check out the Spanish Medium Review quiz titled Grammar: Learning to Conjugate in the Past Tense. Each one of those quizzes, and their introductions, will assist you in understanding how to take this quiz. In this quiz you will be focusing only on IR verbs. Those verbs are as follows.

ABRIR (to open) (regular in both present and past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) abro; (tú) abres; (él/ella/usted/lo) abre; (nosotros/as) abrimos; (vosotros/as) abrís; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) abren
  • Past Tense: (yo) abrí; (tú) abriste; (él/ella/usted/lo) abrió; (nosotros/as) abrimos; (vosotros/as) abristeis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) abrieron

DECIR (to tell) (irregular in both present and past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) digo; (tú) dices; (él/ella/usted/lo) dice; (nosotros/as) decimos; (vosotros/as) decís; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) dicen
  • Past Tense: (yo) dije; (tú) dijiste; (él/ella/usted/lo) dijo; (nosotros/as) dijimos; (vosotros/as) dijisteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) dijeron (Notice that the J has an H sound. It is also important to note that in some countries decir (phonetically pronounced as day-seer) is pronounced as day-theer as the 'c' has a 'th' sound.)

DORMIR (to sleep) (irregular in both present and past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) duermo; (tú) duermes; (él/ella/usted/lo) duerme; (nosotros/as) dormimos; (vosotros/as) dormís; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) duermen
  • Past Tense: (yo) dormí; (tú) dormiste; (él/ella/usted/lo) durmió; (nosotros/as) dormimos; (vosotros/as) dormisteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) durmieron

IR (to go) (irregular in both present and past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) voy; (tú) vas; (él/ella/usted/lo) va; (nosotros/as) vamos; (vosotros/as) vais; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) van
  • Past Tense: (yo) fui; (tú) fuiste; (él/ella/usted/lo) fue; (nosotros/as) fuimos; (vosotros/as) fuisteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) fueron

MORIR (to die) (irregular in present / regular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) muero; (tú) mueres; (él/ella/usted/lo) muere; (nosotros/as) morimos; (vosotros/as) morís; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) mueren
  • Past Tense: (yo) morí; (tú) moriste; (él/ella/usted/lo) murió; (nosotros/as) morimos; (vosotros/as) moristeis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) murieron

VESTIR (to dress) (irregular in both present and past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) visto; (tú) vistes; (él/ella/usted/lo) viste; (nosotros/as) vestimos; (vosotros/as) vestís; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) visten
  • Past Tense: (yo) vestí; (tú) vestiste; (él/ella/usted/lo) vistió; (nosotros/as) vestimos; (vosotros/as) vestisteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) vistieron

VIVIR (to live) (regular in both present and past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) vivo; (tú) vives; (él/ella/usted/lo) vive; (nosotros/as) vivimos; (vosotros/as) vivís; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) viven
  • Past Tense: (yo) viví; (tú) viviste; (él/ella/usted/lo) vivió; (nosotros/as) vivimos; (vosotros/as) vivisteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) vivieron

PEDIR (to ask) (irregular in both present and past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) pido; (tú) pides; (él/ella/usted/lo) pide; (nosotros/as) pedimos; (vosotros/as) pedís; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) piden
  • Past Tense: (yo) pedí; (tú) pediste; (él/ella/usted/lo) pidió; (nosotros/as) pedimos; (vosotros/as) pedisteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) pidieron

DESCRIBIR (to describe) (regular in both present and past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) describo; (tú) describes; (él/ella/usted/lo) describe; (nosotros/as) describimos; (vosotros/as) describís; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) describen
  • Past Tense: (yo) describí; (tú) describiste; (él/ella/usted/lo) describió; (nosotros/as) describimos; (vosotros/as) describisteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) describieron

ENCUBRIR (to hide) (regular in both present and past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) encubro; (tú) encubres; (él/ella/usted/lo) encubre; (nosotros/as) encubrimos; (vosotros/as) encubrís; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) encubren
  • Past Tense: (yo) encubrí; (tú) encubriste; (él/ella/usted/lo) encubrió; (nosotros/as) encubrimos; (vosotros/as) encubristeis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) encubrieron

MENTIR (to lie) (irregular in both present and past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) miento; (tú) mientes; (él/ella/usted/lo) miente; (nosotros/as) mentimos; (vosotros/as) mentís; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) mienten
  • Past Tense: (yo) mentí; (tú) mentiste; (él/ella/usted/lo) mintió; (nosotros/as) mentimos; (vosotros/as) mentisteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) mintieron

VENIR (to come) (irregular in both present and past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) vengo; (tú) vienes; (él/ella/usted/lo) viene; (nosotros/as) venimos; (vosotros/as) venís; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) vienen
  • Past Tense: (yo) vine; (tú) viniste; (él/ella/usted/lo) vino; (nosotros/as) vinimos; (vosotros/as) vinisteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) vinieron

Did you notice how different it is to conjugate 'ir' (to go)? Remember that when you conjugate you drop the verb’s ending. When you drop IR you have nothing left. This leaves conjugating this verb wide open so it is one of the verbs that needs to be memorized in each tense. In fact, several of these verbs have quite a different spelling when conjugated in the past tense.

As was stated earlier, take as much time as you need to really get to know these verbs in both their present tense and past tense forms. You do not need to rush through them. Move at the pace that is most comfortable to you. There is no punching a time clock here! When you believe have a good grasp of how verbs are conjugated in both present and past tenses, then move forward and take this quiz. Read each question carefully and then locate the correct answer to that question.

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  1. What is the plural familiar past tense of pedir?
    The plural familiar past tense of pedir (to ask) would mean you asked. In Spanish that would be pedisteis.
  2. How would you conjugate the verb dormir in the past tense using the pronoun they?
    The past tense of the verb dormir (to sleep) when conjugated with the pronoun they would be durmieron (they slept).
  3. How would you conjugate the verb ir in the past tense using the direct object pronoun it?
    The past tense of the verb ir (to go) when conjugated with the direct object pronoun it would be fue (it went).
  4. What does the Spanish word vivimos mean in English?
    The Spanish word vivimos comes from the verb vivir. It means to live. Vivimos is the past tense of the verb and means we lived. (It is also the present tense ending for we live.)
  5. What does the Spanish word moristeis mean in English?
    The Spanish word moristeis comes from the verb morir. It means to die. You can now eliminate the second and third answers. Moristeis is the past tense of the verb and means you died (plural familiar).
  6. How would you conjugate the verb abrir in the past tense using the pronoun I?
    The past tense of the verb abrir (to open) when conjugated with the pronoun I would be abrí (I opened).
  7. What does the Spanish word dijiste mean in English?
    The Spanish word dijiste comes from the verb decir. It means to tell. Dijiste is the past tense of the verb and means you told (singular familiar).
  8. How would you conjugate the verb mentir in the past tense using the pronoun we?
    The past tense of the verb 'mentir' (to lie) when conjugated with the pronoun 'we' would be 'mentimos' (we lied). Even though this is an irregular verb in the present tense, it is conjugated as a regular verb with the subject pronoun of 'we'.
  9. How would you conjugate the verb encubrir in the past tense using the pronoun he?
    The past tense of the verb encubrir (to hide) when conjugated with the pronoun he would be encubrió (he hid).
  10. What does the Spanish word describieron mean in English?
    The Spanish word describieron comes from the verb describer. It means to describe. Describieron is the past tense of the verb and means they described.

Author: Christine G. Broome

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