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Grammar - New Irregular Verbs Vocabulary

In this Spanish Medium Review quiz you will be introduced to a number of new irregular verbs vocabulary. In fact, it is chalk full of new Spanish vocabulary words. Not only have you been given close to 50 additional verbs since the Spanish Easy Review quiz series but, on top of that, you have also had to learn how to conjugate those verbs in both the present tense (presente tense) and the past tense (pretérito tense).

As has been stated in earlier quizzes, here on this site there are many different quizzes that have been designed to help you conquer the Spanish verbs and their many forms. For this particular quiz you will focus in on some of the irregular verbs. (Although they each will be irregular in the present tense, there may be some that will be regular in the past tense.)

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As you know, verbs can be regular and irregular depending upon they tense that they are conjugated in. In other words, they can remain regular in both (or more) tenses or they can be regular in one tense and irregular in another. It can get to be very confusing so to help you try and get a handle on this, please try to take as many of the verb quizzes as possible. Taking all of them would be even better! So let’s look as some of the following irregular verbs.

VOLAR (to fly): (irregular in present / regular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) vuelo; (tú) vuelas; (él/ella/usted/lo) vuela; (nosotros/as) volamos; (vosotros/as) voláis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) vuelan
  • Past Tense: (yo) volé; (tú) volaste; (él/ella/usted/lo) voló; (nosotros/as) volamos; (vosotros/as) volasteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) volaron

OÍR (to hear / listen): (irregular in present / irregular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) oigo; (tú) oyes; (él/ella/usted/lo) oye; (nosotros/as) oímos; (vosotros/as) oís; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) oyen
  • Past Tense: (yo) oí; (tú) oíste; (él/ella/usted/lo) oyó; (nosotros/as) oímos; (vosotros/as) oísteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) oyeron

SONREÍR (to smile): (irregular in present / irregular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) sonrío; (tú) sonríes; (él/ella/usted/lo) sonríe; (nosotros/as) sonreímos; (vosotros/as) sonreís; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) sonríen
  • Past Tense: (yo) sonreí; (tú) sonreíste; (él/ella/usted/lo) sonrió; (nosotros/as) sonreímos; (vosotros/as) sonreísteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) sonrieron

TROPEZAR (to trip): (irregular in present / irregular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) tropiezo; (tú) tropiezas; (él/ella/usted/lo) tropieza; (nosotros/as) tropezamos; (vosotros/as) tropezáis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) tropiezan
  • Past Tense: (yo) tropecé; (tú) tropezaste; (él/ella/usted/lo) tropezó; (nosotros/as) tropezamos; (vosotros/as) tropezasteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) tropezaron

SEMBRAR (to sow / plant): (irregular in present / regular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) siembro; (tú) siembras; (él/ella/usted/lo) siembra; (nosotros/as) sembramos; (vosotros/as) sembráis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) siembran
  • Past Tense: (yo) sembré; (tú) sembraste; (él/ella/usted/lo) sembró; (nosotros/as) sembramos; (vosotros/as) sembrasteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) sembraron

MOSTRAR (to show): (irregular in present / regular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) muestro; (tú) muestras; (él/ella/usted/lo) muestra; (nosotros/as) mostramos; (vosotros/as) mostráis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) muestran
  • Past Tense: (yo) mostré; (tú) mostraste; (él/ella/usted/lo) mostró; (nosotros/as) mostramos; (vosotros/as) mostrasteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) mostraron

REÍR (to laugh): (irregular in present / irregular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) río; (tú) ríes; (él/ella/usted/lo) ríe; (nosotros/as) reímos; (vosotros/as) reís; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) ríen
  • Past Tense: (yo) reí; (tú) reíste; (él/ella/usted/lo) rió; (nosotros/as) reímos; (vosotros/as) reísteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) rieron

JUGAR (to play): (irregular in present / irregular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) juego; (tú) juegas; (él/ella/usted/lo) juega; (nosotros/as) jugamos; (vosotros/as) jugáis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) juegan
  • Past Tense: (yo) jugué; (tú) jugaste; (él/ella/usted/lo) jugó; (nosotros/as) jugamos; (vosotros/as) jugasteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) jugaron

SOSTENER (to hold): (irregular in present / irregular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) sostengo; (tú) sostienes; (él/ella/usted/lo) sostiene; (nosotros/as) sostenemos; (vosotros/as) sostenéis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) sostienen
  • Past Tense: (yo) sostuve; (tú) sostuviste; (él/ella/usted/lo) sostuvo; (nosotros/as) sostuvimos; (vosotros/as) sostuvisteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) sostuvieron

ENVIAR (to send): (irregular in present / regular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) envío; (tú) envías; (él/ella/usted/lo) envía; (nosotros/as) enviamos; (vosotros/as) enviáis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) envían
  • Past Tense: (yo) envié; (tú) enviaste; (él/ella/usted/lo) envió; (nosotros/as) enviamos; (vosotros/as) enviasteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) enviaron

Again, please allow yourself plenty of time to get to know each of these verbs and to work on training your brain to instantly be able to come up with the correct form of the verb in the correct tense. Practice, practice and practice. Remember to say the words out load so you can hear them. The mind remembers sound far faster than it remembers written words.

Okay, now it is time for the quiz. There are ten sentences with a verb that is shown in all capitalized letters. Your task is to find the correct Spanish verb and form that matches the capitalized verb.

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  1. Joseph SMILED at the new girl.
    This sentence has a past tense verb. The second and third answers are present tense forms of the verb so they can be eliminated. Next determine which pronoun would replace Joseph. It would be he. The last answer is the past tense form of the verb for 'they smiled'. It is not correct. The first answer is the past tense form of the verb that means 'he smiled'.
  2. We LAUGHED all through the movie.
    This sentence has a past tense verb. The first and last answers are present tense forms of the verb so they can be eliminated. The pronoun in this sentence is we. The third answer is the past tense form of the word for 'they laughed'. This is not correct. The second answer shows the past tense form of the word for 'they laughed'.
  3. I SHOWED my mother the teacher’s note.
    This sentence has a past tense verb. The second and last answers show the present tense forms of the verb so they can be eliminated. The pronoun is I. The first answer is the past tense verb pronoun form for 'he/she/it/you showed'. That is not the correct answer. The third answer is the past tense form of the verb that means 'I showed'.
  4. The birds FLEW south for the winter.
    This sentence has a past tense verb. The first and last answers are the present tense forms of the verb so they can be eliminated. Next you need to determine the pronoun that would replace the birds. It would be they. The second answer is the past tense form of the verb 'he/she/it/you flew' and that is not correct. The third answer is the past tense form of the verb for 'they flew'.
  5. You SEND letters to the troops every week. (familiar singular)
    This sentence has a present tense verb. The second and third answers are past tense forms of the verb so they can be eliminated. The pronoun here is you (familiar singular). The first answer is the present tense form of the verb for 'you send' (familiar plural). This means that it is not correct. The last answer is the present tense form of the verb that means 'you send' (familiar singular).
  6. They HOLD all of the cards.
    This sentence has a present tense verb. Each answer here contains the present tense form of the verb. You now need to match up the pronoun to the verb form. The Spanish present tense form of the verb that means 'they hold' is sostienen.
  7. We PLAYED in the rain until mother called.
    This sentence has a past tense verb. Each answer here contains the past tense form of the verb. You now need to match up the pronoun to the verb form. The Spanish past tense form of the verb that means 'we played' is jugamos.
  8. You SOW your garden in April. (formal singular)
    This sentence has a present tense verb. The second and last answers are past tense forms of the verb so they can be eliminated. The pronoun here is you (formal singular). The third answer is the present tense form of the verb for 'you sow' (familiar singular). That is not the correct form. The present tense form of the verb for 'you sow' (formal singular) is siembra.
  9. Christine TRIPPED on the torn rug.
    This sentence has a past tense verb. The first and last answers are present tense forms of the verb so they can be eliminated. Next you need to find the pronoun that can replace Christine. It is she. The past tense verb form for 'she tripped' is tropezó.
  10. Will you LISTEN to me? (formal plural)
    This sentence has a present tense verb. Each answer here contains the present tense form of the verb. You now need to match up the pronoun to the verb form. The Spanish present tense form of the verb that means 'you listen' (formal plural) is oyen.

Author: Christine G. Broome

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