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Grammar - Reviewing the Rules of Making Words Plural

This Spanish Medium Review quiz you will take a second look at the rules of making words plural. You were first introduced to these rules in the Spanish Easy Review quiz titled Making Nouns Plural (Quiz 1). As you may recall, in Spanish there are more rules to remember than there are in the English language. This is partly due to the fact that Spanish uses accent marks.

In this quiz introduction we will once again revisit those rules and then move directly on to the quiz section. As you have already been given the rules, and have been hopefully working with them, this quiz should go pretty quickly. Now, one again, the rules for making words plural are as follows:

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RULES OF PLURALITY

Nouns in Spanish are made plural by adding an 's' to the end of a word if the word ends in a vowel.

  • Examples: brida (bridle) (singular) becomes bridas (bridles) (plural)
  • pato (duck) (singular) becomes patos (ducks) (plural)

If the word ends in a consonant, it is made plural by adding the letters 'es' to the end of the word.

  • Examples: mantel (tablecloth) (singular) becomes manteles (tablecloths) (plural)
  • autor (author) (singular) becomes autores (authors) (plural)

When a noun ends in the letters 'ión', add the letters 'es' to the end of the word and remove the accent mark over the letter 'o'.

  • Example: graduación (graduation) (singular) becomes graduaciones (graduations) (plural)

When a noun ends in the letter either the letter 'n' or the letter 's' and an accent mark is in the last syllable of the singular form of the word, the accent mark gets dropped in the plural form of the word.

  • Example: hurón (ferret) (singular) becomes hurones (ferrets) (plural)

When a noun ends in the letter 'z', the 'z' changes to the letter 'c' and then you add the letters 'es' to the end of the word.

  • Example: avestruz (ostrich) (singular) becomes avestruces (ostriches)

Since you have learned many new vocabulary words throughout both the Spanish Easy Review series and now the Spanish Medium Review series, now is a good time to test you on just how well you are doing on pluralizing all of those words. Therefore, this quiz contains a list of ten vocabulary words given in English and in their singular form. From the answers given below each English word, see if you can locate the correct plural form of that word as it should be stated in Spanish.

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  1. lunch
    The Spanish word for lunch is almuerzo. It does not have an accent mark so the third answer can be eliminated. The word does not end with the letter 'z' so it does not need to change to a 'c'. The first answer wrongly changed the 'z' to a 'c' so it is not correct. When a word ends in a vowel you merely need to add an 's' to the end of the word to make it plural. The second answer wrongly added an 'es' to the end of the word. The last answer correctly shows the Spanish plural word for lunches.
  2. imagination
    The Spanish word for imagination is imaginación. The first answer has erroneously replaced the 'c' with a 'z' so it is not correct and can be eliminated. The Spanish word does contain an accent mark but it is over the 'o' and not the 'a' as is shown in the last answer. The rule states that if the noun ends in 'ión' you add an 'es' to the end of the word and drop the accent mark. The third answer has only added an 's' and not an 'es'. Therefore, it is also wrong. The second answer shows the correct plural spelling for the word imaginations in Spanish.
  3. cafeteria
    The Spanish word for cafeteria is cafetería. Note that it is spelled the same except that the 'i' in Spanish has an accent mark. The rule in Spanish is that if the word ends in a vowel you simply add an 's' to the end of the word to make it plural. This rule does not say anything about dropping the accent mark. The first answer shows no accent mark at all so it is not correct. The second and third answers have the accent mark over the wrong vowel. The last answer, on the other hand, shows the accent mark in the correct location and the correct plural form of the word cafeterias in Spanish.
  4. king
    The Spanish word for king is rey. The rule in Spanish for making a word plural when it ends in a consonant is to add 'es' to the end of the word. The second answer added only an 's' and the third answer added an 'ies'. Both of these are not correct translations for the plural form of kings in Spanish. The last answer is simply a wrong word so it is not correct. The first answer shows the correct plural form of the Spanish word for kings.
  5. pitcher
    The Spanish rule tells us that if the word ends with a consonant an 'es' is added to the end of the word to make it plural. The first and last answers have only added an 's' so neither of them is correct. The Spanish word for pitcher is lanzador. The second answer has spelled the word incorrectly by making the second 'a' an 'e'. The third answer shows the correct plural form of the Spanish word for pitchers.
  6. soda
    The Spanish word for soda is gaseosa. The third and last answers have misspelled the word by putting the 'o' in front of the 'e'. In addition, the third answer has replaced the second 'a' with an 'e'. Both of these Answers are incorrect. The second answer has completely left the 'e' out of the word so it, too, has been misspelled. The first answer shows the correct plural form of the Spanish word for sodas.
  7. season
    The Spanish word for season is estación. The first answer has wrongly changed the 'c' to a 'z' so it is not correct. The third answer has kept the accent mark in the word. The rule states that when a word ends with 'ión', the letters 'es' are added to the end of the word to make it plural and the accent mark is dropped. Therefore, the third answer is not correct. In addition, the last answer not only kept the accent mark but it also only added an 's'. It is not the correct plural form of the word. The second answer shows the correct plural form of the Spanish word for seasons.
  8. geese
    This one is a little tricky because the word geese is a plural word. You cannot make a plural word more plural. The Spanish word for geese is gansos. The singular form of this word is ganso which means goose. The first answer attempted to pluralize an already plural word so it is incorrect. The second answer had added an incorrect accent mark and the letter 'z'. It is simply not the correct word at all. The last answer has misspelled the word by making the 's' a 'c'. The third answer shows the correct plural word as it should be shown in Spanish.
  9. actress
    The Spanish word for actress is actriz. The Spanish rule is that if the word ends with a 'z', to make that word plural the 'z' is changed to a 'c' and 'es' is added to the end of the word. The first answer has merely added an 's' to the word and has left the 'z' in place. This is not correct. The second answer has also left the 'z' in place and added an 'es' to the end of the word. This, too, is not correct. The third answer has changed the 'z' to a 'c' but then only added an 's' to the end of the word which is incorrect. The last answer shows the correct plural from of the Spanish word for actresses.
  10. bean
    The Spanish rule states that if a word ends in a consonant then the letters 'es' are added to the end of the word to make it plural. The last answer shows only an 's' added to it which is not correct. The Spanish word for bean is frijol. It does not have an accent mark. The first and third answers show an accent mark which means they are not correct. The second answer shows the correct plural form of the Spanish word for beans.

Author: Christine G. Broome

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