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Science - All About the Eyes!

As you did in the Spanish Easy Review quiz series, it is now time to turn your Spanish studies over to some science quizzes. The quizzes are designed to go along with your regular science classes. Therefore, there will be no new information to learn. There will only be new vocabulary words to help you say in Spanish what you have learned in English. In this case, this Spanish Medium Review quiz will look at the science of learning all about the eyes. As you may recall, the Spanish word for eye is ojo.

If you have taken the GRADE 7, Science – Basic Anatomy: The Eye quiz, then you learned the following about the eye.

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When you wake up in the morning you simply expect to be able to see but in order for the eye to see, a number of things must occur. It must detect a light source and the light source must reflect off of an object. That light will then travel through the clear cornea of the eye. It passes through the lens and focuses the light onto the retina. The retina inverts the image so it is upside down. When the signal of the object is then transmitted to the brain, the brain makes a correction and flips the image back and then relays the image as being right-side up. Having two eyes working simultaneous then helps us to be able to detect depth and perception and it allows us to see in 3-D dimension.

Now let’s see what that very same paragraph looks like in Spanish.

Cuando usted se despierta por la mañana solo espera poder ver, pero para que el ojo pueda ver deben ocurrir una serie de cosas. Se debe detectar una fuente de luz y la fuente de luz debe reflejarse sobre un objeto. Esa luz viajará luego a través de la córnea transparente del ojo. Pasa a través de la lente y enfoca la luz hacia la retina. La retina invierte la imagen y, por lo tanto, está al revés. Cuando la señal del objeto se transmite al cerebro, el cerebro hace una corrección y voltea la imagen, y, entonces, transmite la imagen enderezada. Tener dos ojos que trabajan simultáneamente nos ayuda así a ser capaces de detectar la profundidad y la percepción y nos permite ver en 3-D.

Practice reading that paragraph in Spanish. By the eyes seeing the Spanish words, the brain begins to learn how to quickly recognize what each word means. Don’t worry, you won’t have to write paragraphs just yet but this is a good eye exercise. However, as you may recall, the eye is made up of many parts. As you have already learned these parts, no detail descriptions will be given here. Rather, you will see the English word parts and their corresponding Spanish word parts. After you have studied each part, move directly to the quiz section.

THE EYE

ENGLISH SPANISH
aqueous humor humor acuoso [m]
cornea córnea [f]
iris iris [m]
pupil pupila [f]
lens lente [m]
retina retina [f]
optic nerve nervio óptico [m]
vitreous vítreo [m]
cone cono [m]
rod vara [f]
eyebrow ceja [f] (note that the J has an H sound)
eyelid párpado [m]
tear lágrima [f]
astigmatism astigmatismo [m]
nearsightedness miopía [f]
farsightedness hipermetropía [f]
glaucoma glaucoma [m]
cataract catarata [f]

QUIZ TIME!

The quiz will give you a description of the parts of the eye and you will need to locate the Spanish word for what the description is referring to. Now let’s take a look at just how much you can see.

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  1. This is a condition in which objects that are nearby are seen clearly while objects in the distance are out of focus.
    The condition in which objects that are nearby are seen clearly while objects that are in the distance are out of focus is known as nearsightedness. The Spanish word for nearsightedness is miopía.
  2. This is a patch of dense hair located above the eye. It is meant to keep dust and other foreign objects from getting into the eye.
    The patch of dense hair above the eye that is meant to keep dust and other foreign objects from getting into the eye is called the eyebrow. The Spanish word for eyebrow is ceja.
  3. This is a thick, transparent liquid that fills the center of the eye.
    The thick, transparent liquid that fills the center of the eye is known as the vitreous. The Spanish word for vitreous is vítreo.
  4. This is a light-sensitive tissue that lines the back of the eye.
    The light-sensitive tissue that lines the back of the eye is known as the retina. The Spanish word for retina is retina (although pronounced slightly different).
  5. This transmits electrical impulses from the retina to the brain which then interprets what the eye is seeing.
    It is the optic nerve that transmits electrical impulses from the retina to the brain which then interprets what the eye is seeing. The Spanish words for optic nerve are nervio óptico.
  6. This is a condition in which the lens of the eye is warped.
    The condition in which the lens of the eye is warped is known as astigmatism. The Spanish word for astigmatism is astigmatismo.
  7. This is the colored part of the eye.
    The colored part of the eye is known as the iris. The Spanish word for iris is iris (pretty easy).
  8. This is one of the major causes of blindness. High pressure builds in the eye and damages the optic nerve. Any vision that is lost is not repairable.
    One of the major causes of blindness that is caused from high pressure that builds in the eye and damages the optic nerve is known as glaucoma. The Spanish word for glaucoma is glaucoma. It is the same in both language but pronounced differently.
  9. This is the clear, watery fluid located inside the eye that provides the eye with nutrients.
    The clear, watery fluid that is located inside of the eye that provides the eye with nutrients is known as the aqueous humor. The Spanish words for aqueous humor are humor acuoso.
  10. This is the clear, dome-shaped tissue that covers the front of the eye.
    The clear, dome-shaped tissue that covers the front of the eye is known as the cornea. The Spanish word for cornea is cornea.

Author: Christine G. Broome

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