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Vocabulary - A Verb Explosion!

At this point in your journey of learning how to speak Spanish you should have a good understanding in connection with conjugating verbs in the present tense (presente) and a beginning understating of conjugating verbs in the past tense (pretérito). Because of your current understanding, this Spanish Medium Review quiz will be focusing your attention on being able to conjugate verbs.

While learning the verbs, you have also learned that verbs are either regular or irregular. In fact, some verbs are regular in the present tense while being irregular in the past tense and visa-versa. Because your Spanish vocabulary list is currently composed of close to 160 different verbs, you need to take a little time to at this junction of your learning to really focus in on each of those verbs. This quiz is going to focus on only 15 verbs and their conjugations. You will need to pay very close attention as to whether the verb is regular or irregular.

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TRABAJAR (to work): (regular in present / regular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) trabajo; (tú) trabajas; (él/ella/usted/lo) trabaja; (nosotros/as) trabajamos; (vosotros/as) trabajáis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) trabajan
  • Past Tense: (yo) trabajé; (tú) trabajaste; (él/ella/usted/lo) trabajó; (nosotros/as) trabajamos; (vosotros/as) trabajasteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) trabajaron

SALTAR (to skip / jump / hop): (regular in present / regular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) salto; (tú) saltas; (él/ella/usted/lo) salta; (nosotros/as) saltamos; (vosotros/as) saltáis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) saltan
  • Past Tense: (yo) salté; (tú) saltaste; (él/ella/usted/lo) saltó; (nosotros/as) saltamos; (vosotros/as) saltasteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) saltaron

DESPERTAR (to wake up): (irregular in present / regular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) despierto; (tú) despiertas; (él/ella/usted/lo) despierta; (nosotros/as) despertamos; (vosotros/as) despertáis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) despiertan
  • Past Tense: (yo) desperté; (tú) despertaste; (él/ella/usted/lo) despertó; (nosotros/as) despertamos; (vosotros/as) despertasteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) despertaron

QUERER (to want): (irregular in present / irregular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) quiero; (tú) quieres; (él/ella/usted/lo) quiere; (nosotros/as) queremos; (vosotros/as) queréis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) quieren
  • Past Tense: (yo) quise; (tú) quisiste; (él/ella/usted/lo) quiso; (nosotros/as) quisimos; (vosotros/as) quisisteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) quisieron

TRAER (to bring): (irregular in present / irregular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) traigo; (tú) traes; (él/ella/usted/lo) trae; (nosotros/as) traemos; (vosotros/as) traéis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) traen
  • Past Tense: (yo) traje; (tú) trajiste; (él/ella/usted/lo) trajo; (nosotros/as) trajimos; (vosotros/as) trajisteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) trajeron

POSEER (to own / possess): (regular in present / irregular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) poseo; (tú) posees; (él/ella/usted/lo) posee; (nosotros/as) poseemos; (vosotros/as) poseéis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) poseen
  • Past Tense: (yo) poseí; (tú) poseíste; (él/ella/usted/lo) poseyó; (nosotros/as) poseímos; (vosotros/as) poseísteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) poseyeron

ESCRIBIR (to write): (regular in present / regular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) escribo; (tú) escribes; (él/ella/usted/lo) escribe; (nosotros/as) escribimos; (vosotros/as) escribís; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) escriben
  • Past Tense: (yo) escribí; (tú) escribiste; (él/ella/usted/lo) escribió; (nosotros/as) escribimos; (vosotros/as) escribisteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) escribieron

DECIDIR (to decide): (regular in present / regular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) decido; (tú) decides; (él/ella/usted/lo) decide; (nosotros/as) decidimos; (vosotros/as) decidís; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) deciden
  • Past Tense: (yo) decidí; (tú) decidiste; (él/ella/usted/lo) decidió; (nosotros/as) decidimos; (vosotros/as) decidisteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) decidieron

PERMITIR (to permit / allow): (regular in present / regular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) permito; (tú) permites; (él/ella/usted/lo) permite; (nosotros/as) permitimos; (vosotros/as) permitís; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) permiten
  • Past Tense: (yo) permití; (tú) permitiste; (él/ella/usted/lo) permitió; (nosotros/as) permitimos; (vosotros/as) permitisteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) permitieron

VIAJAR (to travel): (regular in present / regular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) viajo; (tú) viajas; (él/ella/usted/lo) viaja; (nosotros/as) viajamos; (vosotros/as) viajáis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) viajan
  • Past Tense: (yo) viajé; (tú) viajaste; (él/ella/usted/lo) viajó; (nosotros/as) viajamos; (vosotros/as) viajasteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) viajaron

MIRAR (to look): (regular in present / regular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) miro; (tú) miras; (él/ella/usted/lo) mira; (nosotros/as) miramos; (vosotros/as) miráis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) miran
  • Past Tense: (yo) miré; (tú) miraste; (él/ella/usted/lo) miró; (nosotros/as) miramos; (vosotros/as) mirasteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) miraron

CASAR (to marry): (regular in present / regular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) caso; (tú) casas; (él/ella/usted/lo) casa; (nosotros/as) casamos; (vosotros/as) casáis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) casan
  • Past Tense: (yo) casé; (tú) casaste; (él/ella/usted/lo) casó; (nosotros/as) casamos; (vosotros/as) casasteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) casaron

SABER (to know): (irregular in present / irregular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) sé; (tú) sabes; (él/ella/usted/lo) sabe; (nosotros/as) sabemos; (vosotros/as) sabéis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) saben
  • Past Tense: (yo) supe; (tú) supiste; (él/ella/usted/lo) supo; (nosotros/as) supimos; (vosotros/as) supisteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) supieron

CONDUCER (to drive / lead): (irregular in present / irregular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) conduzco; (tú) conduces; (él/ella/usted/lo) conduce; (nosotros/as) conducimos; (vosotros/as) conducís; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) conducen
  • Past Tense: (yo) conduje; (tú) condujiste; (él/ella/usted/lo) condujo; (nosotros/as) condujimos; (vosotros/as) condujisteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) condujeron

PEDIR (to ask / order): (irregular in present / irregular in past)

  • Present Tense: (yo) pido; (tú) pides; (él/ella/usted/lo) pide; (nosotros/as) pedimos; (vosotros/as) pedís; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) piden
  • Past Tense: (yo) pedí; (tú) pediste; (él/ella/usted/lo) pidió; (nosotros/as) pedimos; (vosotros/as) pedisteis; (ellos/ellas/ustedes/los) pidieron

Once you have learned these 15 verbs, move onto the quiz section. There are ten sentences with each sentence having a verb that has been shown in all capitalized letters. From the answers provided, see how quickly you can locate the correct Spanish verb and form that translates the capitalized verb. Now for the verbs.

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  1. They JUMPED off of the diving board.
    Here the verb is being used in the past tense. The first and third answers are in the present tense so they can be eliminated. The verb form needed is the form that goes with the pronoun they. The last answer is for the pronoun you (familiar plural) so it, too can be eliminate. The Spanish verb for jumped is saltaron.
  2. He DRIVES his sister to school.
    Here the verb is being used in the present tense. The second and third answers are in the past tense so they can be eliminated. In addition, the third answer is the form for the pronoun you (familiar plural). The last answer is in the present form but it is in the singular familiar form so it is not correct. The first answer means he drives and it is the correct translation.
  3. We MARRIED last spring.
    Here the verb is being used in the past tense. The first and second answers are in the present tense so they can be eliminated. The last answer is the form for the pronoun I which is not correct. The third answer, however, means we married.
  4. Do you WAKE UP at 7 in the morning? (familiar singular)
    Here the verb is being used in the present tense. The second and third answers are in the past tense so they can be eliminated. The verb form needed is the form that goes with the pronoun you (familiar singular). The first answer is for the pronoun you (formal singular). It, too can be eliminate. The Spanish verb for you wake up (familiar singular) is despiertas.
  5. They KNEW the answer to the question.
    Here the verb is being used in the past tense. The second and third answers are in the present tense so they can be eliminated. The last answer is the past tense form for the pronoun we which is not correct. The first answer means they knew.
  6. She ASKED the doctor if she could go see him now.
    Here the verb is being used in the past tense. The first and second answers are in the present tense so they can be eliminated. The last answer is the past tense form for the pronoun I. That is not correct. The third answer means she asked.
  7. We LOOK silly in these clothes.
    Here the verb is being used in the present tense. The last answer is a completely misspelled word so that can be quickly eliminated. The Spanish verb for 'to look' is mirar. It is an AR verb. The pronoun that goes with the verb in this sentence is we and the present tense AR ending for 'we look' is miramos.
  8. They TRAVELLED to England on a boat.
    Here the verb is being used in the past tense. All answers are in the past tense so next you look for the pronoun. The pronoun is they. The first answer is the verb form for the pronoun you (familiar plural) while the third answer is the verb form for the pronoun you (familiar singular). Neither is correct. The second answer is the verb form for the pronoun we. It, too, is not correct. The last answer is the verb form for they travelled.
  9. I WANTED to go swimming.
    Here the verb is being used in the past tense. The third and last answers are the present tense forms of the verb so they can be eliminated. The pronoun is I. The second answer is the past tense verb pronoun form for 'he/she/it/you (formal singular)' wanted. It is not correct. The first answer is the proper past tense verb form for I wanted.
  10. You WORK on building a new fence. (familiar plural)
    Here the verb is being used in the present tense. The first and last answers are the past tense form of the verb so they can be eliminated. The pronoun being used is the pronoun you (familiar plural). The second answer is the verb pronoun form for you (familiar singular). That is not the correct form. The third answer is the verb pronoun form for you (familiar plural).

Author: Christine G. Broome

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