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Vocabulary - Countries of the World

In this Spanish Medium Review quiz we will be taking a look at the Spanish names for some of the countries of the world. Do you know how many different languages are spoken in the world? The answer is that no one knows for certain just how many languages are spoken but as of 2009, in the Ethnologue (published by SIL International), a total of 6,909 languages were recorded. Those are only the ones that are known of but new languages are born almost every year. Thank goodness you don’t have to learn ALL of them!

There is no one country that speaks absolutely one language exclusively, although each country does have a most spoken language associated with it. For this quiz, you are going to be focusing on a number of the countries of the world and there are not 6,909 of them!

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Like languages being born, countries are being born as well and/or countries are breaking up and forming new countries or renaming themselves. For the most part, however, there are approximately 196 countries. We will only be learning the names to just a few of those in this quiz. You will get more in the Spanish Difficult Review quiz series.

Now let’s take a look at the Spanish names for the following 50 countries (that’s only one-fourth of the countries of the world).

50 COUNTRIES

ENGLISH SPANISH
Afganistan Afganistán [m]
Algeria Argelia [m] (note that G has an H sound)
Antarctica Antártida [f]
Argentina Argentina [f] (spelled the same but in Spanish the G has an H sound)
Australia Australia [f]
Austria Austria [f]
Bahamas Bahamas [f]
Belgium Bélgica [f] (note that G has an H sound)
Bolivia Bolivia [f]
Brazil Brasil [m]
Cambodia Camboya [f]
Canada Canadá [m]
Chile Chile [m]
China China [f]
Columbia Colombia [f]
Croatia Croacia [f]
Cuba Cuba [f]
Denmark Dinamarca [f]
Egypt Egipto [m]
Ethiopia Etiopía [f]
Finland Finlandia [f]
France Francia [f]
Germany Alemania [f]
Hungary Hungría [f]
Iran Irán [m]
Iraq Irak [m]
Ireland Irlanda [f]
Italy Italia [f]
Japan Japón [m]
Jordan Jordania [f]
Korea Corea [f]
Libya Libia [f]
Mexico México [m] (note that the X has and H sound)
New Zealand Nueva Zelanda [f]
Norway Noruega [f]
Peru Perú [m]
Poland Polonia [f]
Romania Rumania [f]
Russia Rusia [f]
Spain España [f]
Sudan Sudán [m]
Sweden Suecia [f]
Switzerland Suiza [f]
Thailand Tailandia [f]
Turkey Turquía [f]
Ukraine Ucrania [f]
United Kingdom Reino Unido [m]
United States Estados Unidos [m]
Venezuela Venezuela [f]

Although many of the countries retain the same spelling in both English and Spanish, you must always remember that their pronunciations are different. When speaking Spanish, you will need to keep this in mind. Because the country names are so similar there will be very little challenge to this quiz. Rather, as we cannot bring you into a classroom, instead of just answering each question or sentence, please take the time to pronounce each country in the Spanish tongue. Get used to how it feels to say the word and to hear the word. You still will need to focus on how each word is spelled as there could be some misspelled words if you are not looking. Some questions will ask about how a word should be phonetically pronounced which might make you have to think a little. Take your time with the 50 countries and when you are ready, begin the quiz.

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  1. You might find the luck of the Irish here!
    You might find the luck of the Irish in Ireland. The Spanish word for Ireland is Irlanda. It does not contain any accent marks.
  2. The pyramids of Giza are found here.
    The pyramids of Giza are found in Egypt. The Spanish word for Egypt is Egipto.
  3. Noruega (Norway) is phonetically pronounced as ____.
    Having practiced Spanish sounds for a while now you should be able to get this one. The correct phonetic pronunciation of Noruega is Nŏr-wāy-gă. The 'u' has a 'w' sound to it.
  4. Have you ever been to BELGIUM?
    The answer to this one is all about knowing the spelling. The Spanish word for Belgium is Bélgica.
  5. You would find the Statute of Liberty in this country.
    You would find the Statue of Liberty in the United States. The Spanish words for United States are Estados Unidos.
  6. Alemania (Germany) is phonetically pronounced as ____.
    Having practiced Spanish sounds for a while now you should be able to get this one. The correct phonetic pronunciation of Alemania is Ă-lāy-mă-nē-ă.
  7. You would find Queen Elizabeth here.
    You would find Queen Elizabeth in the United Kingdom. The Spanish words for United Kingdom are Reino Unido.
  8. This country is shaped like a boot.
    The country that is shaped like a boot is Italy. The Spanish word for Italy is Italia.
  9. Thailand is said to be a beautiful country!
    To find the answer to this one you need to know the correct Spanish spelling. The Spanish spelling for Thailand is Tailandia.
  10. It must be awfully cold to live there.
    It would be awfully cold to try and live in Antarctica. The Spanish word for Antarctica is Antártida.

Author: Christine G. Broome

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