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Writing - Putting Two Sentences Together (1)

In the Spanish Easy Review quiz series you learned how to create simple sentences in Spanish. You also learned that the structure of a sentence in Spanish often differs from that in English. For example, in English we would say: She is John’s sister. In Spanish we would say it as: She is the sister of John. In other words: Ella es la hermana de Juan. There are a number of other sentence structures to remember. If you would like a refresher on those, please look back at the Spanish Easy Review quiz titled Writing: Simple Sentence Structure! as it will provide you with more details. As for this Spanish Medium Review quiz, you will now get the opportunity to start putting two sentences together.

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In the Spanish Easy Review series you had a somewhat limited vocabulary list by the time you reached the writing quizzes. Now, however, after going through a large number of your Spanish Medium Review quizzes, that vocabulary list has grown by leaps and bounds. In addition, you have become more familiar with the Spanish language overall. As such, it is now time to go beyond the simple sentence and start combining sentences together. This process will help you on your way to eventually being able to have a conversation in Spanish. You are not there yet but you are most definitely on your way to there. For now, however, let’s focus on just putting two sentences together.

There will be two quizzes on this topic. This is the first quiz and for the first quiz you will be shown two sentences in English and you will need to find the correct translation from the answers given. Before you begin, however, remember – this is a WRITING QUIZ. That means that part of your task is to WRITE. So, grab some paper and a pen or pencil and see if you can translate the English sentences on your own into Spanish – without looking at the answers. Then see if you can match up your translation with one that has been given. Be sure to choose the answer that you believe shows the correct translation.

Okay then, do you have your paper and pen? Fantastic! Now you may begin the quiz!

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  1. Jackie is ten years old. Her brother is seven years old.
    First, the verb shown in each sentence is a present tense verb. The last answer shows the past tense form of the verb making it incorrect. Next, determine the pronoun that can replace Jackie and her brother. That would be she and he. The first answer shows the verb form for you (singular familiar) in each sentence. That is not correct. The second sentence says brother but the second answer shows it to say sister. That means the translation is not correct. The third answer does show the correct Spanish translation of both given sentences.
  2. They played on the beach. It was a hot day.
    Each answer has correctly translated the first sentence. Now look at the second sentence. Find one word you believe you know well. Let’s look at the word day. In Spanish that is día. The only answer that shows día is the first answer.
  3. She sang at school. Her friends loved it.
    The first sentence shows a past tense verb. The first and second answers show a present tense verb. This means you can quickly eliminate them. The pronoun in the first sentence is she for she sang but the third answer shows the past tense verb for I and reads I sang. The last answer shows the correct translation of both given sentences.
  4. He travels west. She ran to the east.
    Each answer has correctly translated west as oeste. He travels is viaja which means that the first answer can be eliminated. In the second sentence, she ran to the east. The Spanish word for east is este. The third answer shows she ran to the south and the last answer shows she ran to the north. Both are incorrect. The second answer does show the correct Spanish translation for both given sentences.
  5. Father was in the garage. Mother is in the kitchen.
    Each answer has correctly translated the second sentence. In addition, each answer has correctly translated 'Father was in the' as 'Padre estuvo en el'. As father was in the garage you need to know the Spanish word for garage. That word is garaje which means that the first answer has correctly translated both of the given sentences.
  6. She wore a black coat. Karen bought a green coat.
    Each of the two sentences contains a past tense verb form. The first answer shows the present tense in each sentence so it can be eliminated. The second answer shows the verb form using the pronoun they. This is not correct as the pronouns are she in both sentences. The last answer in the second sentence has translated green as negro. That is not correct. The third answer, on the other hand, does show the correct translation for both sentences.
  7. He wrote a letter to his grandmother. She was excited to read it.
    Each answer has correctly translated 'He wrote a' as 'Él escribió una', 'to his grandmother' as 'a su abuela', 'She' as 'Ella' and 'to read it' as 'a la leer'. The Spanish word for letter is carta. It is a feminine word, therefore 'it' must be in the feminine form, i.e., la. The Spanish word for excited is 'emocionó'. This means that the first and second answers can now be eliminated as odió means 'hated'. The last answer is the answer that has translated both given sentences correctly.
  8. She speaks Italian. Her cousin speaks Spanish.
    Each answer is showing a different present tense verb. The verb that needs to be used is speaks. The Spanish verb for she speaks is habla. This shows you that the second answer has translated both of the given sentences correctly.
  9. Don’t go to the store. Go to bed.
    These sentences are giving commands. When you give a command, the base form of the verb is used. The first, second and last answers each show the verb in its conjugated form making them each incorrect. The third answer shows the base form of the verbs and shows both sentences translated correctly.
  10. The building is tall. The boat is small.
    The second sentence has been translated correctly in each answer. In the first sentence each answer has correctly translated 'The building is' as 'El edificio es'. However, the Spanish word for tall is alto. Only the last answer has translated this correctly.

Author: Christine G. Broome

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